WMID-2CAF04: Roman to Post Medieval: Complete biconvex decorated spindle whorl

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SPINDLE WHORL

Unique ID: WMID-2CAF04

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A complete lead or lead alloy flat spindle whorl, of Roman to Post Medieval dating (AD 43 - AD 1650).

In plan it is sub-circular and sub rectangular in cross section. Both faces has have six moulded high-relief triangles, located around a slightly off centre perforation as decoration at the edge. The perforation which has an internal diameter of 9.3 mm.

The whorl has a diameter of 30.7 mm and is 11.8 mm thick. It weighs 35.4 grams.

The whorl is of a light to mid grey colour, with an even surface patina. Abrasion, caused by movement whilst within the plough soil, has resulted in a loss of some of the original surface detail.

Spindle whorls, as an artefact type, can be hard to date accurately as they remained in use for a long period of time, however lead alloy spindle whorls of this type are normally attributed to the Medieval period (c. AD 1100 to AD 1450). The weight of the spindle whorl is suggestive of a thick linen or wool thread being spun, as there is a direct relationship between the weight of the whorl and the thickness of the resulting thread. Fine threads such as silk require a lighter whorl than those used to spun wool or linen.

Several similar spindlewhorls have been recorded on the PAS database, including: YORYM-EE68F3; WAW-E8EAB8; WAW-A54060 and PUBLIC-C28615.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: POST MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 43
Date to: Circa AD 1650

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Thickness: 11.8 mm
Weight: 35.4 g
Diameter: 30.7 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Friday 7th February 2014

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Miss Teresa Gilmore
Identified by: Miss Teresa Gilmore

Materials and construction

Primary material: Lead Alloy
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Staffordshire (County)
District: Lichfield (District)
Parish or ward: Whittington (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SK1608
Four figure Latitude: 52.66947747
Four figure longitude: -1.76483245
1:25K map: SK1608
1:10K map: SK10NE
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Discovery circumstances: Found whilst metal detecting

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: WMID
Created: 5 years ago
Updated: 5 years ago

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