BERK-294411: Roman brooch: T-shaped sawtooth brooch

Rights Holder: Oxfordshire County Council
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BROOCH

Unique ID: BERK-294411

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete cast copper alloy Roman Colchester derivative, 'T-shaped' brooch, dating to the early Roman period. The brooch has a tapered bow and foot-knob with short rounded wings with coiled spring secured by a forward facing hook on the top of the head, in the Colchester B style. The spring is incomplete with the pin missing. About halfway down the length of the bow is a short row of four teeth, leading to this type of brooch being nicknamed the 'sawtooth'. Just above this decoration is a small lozenge-shaped stud. Between the sawteeth is a panel of three raised lozenges, the recesses having been cells to hold decorative enamelling, all of which is now missing. The catchplate on the reverse of the brooch is intact.

Although termed a 'sawtooth' brooch, Hattatt (1985:96) classes this and similar examples as as the precursor to the 'mature' sawtooth brooches, which have teeth down the whole length of the bow (ibid). They are often found in central southern England, with Oxfordshire cited as a common findspot. Excavated examples date from c. AD 70 to 180.

Notes:

This is the 10,000th BERK- find recorded.

Class: Sawfish

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Subperiod from: Early
Period from: ROMAN
Subperiod to: Early
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 70
Date to: Circa AD 180

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 47.33 mm
Width: 15.31 mm
Thickness: 2.05 mm
Weight: 6 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Wednesday 4th September 2013

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Miss Anni Byard
Identified by: Miss Anni Byard

Other reference numbers

Other reference: 2013.979

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Oxfordshire (County)
District: West Oxfordshire (District)
To be known as: Woodstock

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: BERK
Created: 5 years ago
Updated: 5 years ago

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