WMID-28BE76: Early Early Medieval: Probable incomplete great square headed brooch

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
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Unique ID: WMID-28BE76

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete copper alloy probable great square headed brooch fragment, of Early Medieval dating (c. AD 450 to c. AD 600).

Less than 25% of the brooch is present, consisting only of part of the bow and a small amount of the head plate. The rest of the brooch is missing, presumed lost in antiquity.

The brooch fragment is sub triangular in plan, and curved in section. All edges are incomplete. The decoration on the front can be separated in two parts: the bow and the square plate. The bow is decorated with a central rectangular ridge, which has been decorated with two parallel grooves (worn in the middle of the bow). Diagonal double grooves are present at the top and bottom of the bow on either side of the central ridge. A raised ridge is present along both edges. The decoration on the head consists of two raised circles at the junction of the bow and the plate, with a triple stranded ridge extending above it. A double stranded ridge is present at the possible top of the plate running at right angles to the vertical ridge. The reverse is plain and undecorated. The remains of two pin lugs with an iron axis bar, for the pin to attach to, are present on the reverse.

It measures 46.4 mm in length, 22.8 mm wide and 13.9 mm thick (at the bow). It weighs 15.5 g.

The brooch is a mid brown colour and an even surface patina.

Several similar great square headed brooch fragments have been recorded on the PAS database, including: WMID-E96A51 and WMID-922C17.

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: Regional importance

Class: great square headed

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Early
Subperiod to: Early
Date from: Circa AD 450
Date to: Circa AD 600

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 46.4 mm
Width: 22.8 mm
Thickness: 13.9 mm
Weight: 15.5 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Miss Teresa Gilmore
Identified by: Miss Teresa Gilmore

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Secondary material: Iron
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Staffordshire (County)
District: Lichfield (District)
Parish or ward: Elford (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SK1908
Four figure Latitude: 52.66938125
Four figure longitude: -1.72046983
1:25K map: SK1908
1:10K map: SK10NE
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Discovery circumstances: Found whilst metal detecting

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: WMID
Created: 5 years ago
Updated: 5 years ago

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