IOW-0CA342: Early-Medieval (Anglo-Saxon) Disc Brooch

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BROOCH

Unique ID: IOW-0CA342

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete Early-Medieval (Anglo-Saxon) copper-alloy disc brooch (c. 400-c. 600). Part of the flat circular plate, part of the catch-plate, the pin and pin lug are missing.

This brooch is corroded, worn at the front and appears to be undecorated. The rear face has an almost complete catch-plate and a raised rib.

This brooch is drab green with patches of a matt green patina and traces of a white metal coating (probably tinning) at the front. There is iron staining at the rear. There is no trace of melting or burning.

Diameter: 32.83mm; thickness of plate: 2.29mm; overall thickness: 10.34mm. Weight: 6.33g.

MacGregor and Bolick comment that: "Almost all the decoration found on these brooches is inscribed or stamped on the surface after casting; the only exceptions may be the broad concentric grooves found on a few brooches. Incised concentric circles and ring-and-dot motifs account for most of the patterns encountered, frequently complemented by concentric patterns of smaller punch marks - annulets, crescents (usually produced with an annulet stamp held at an angle), triangles, and V- or S-stamps. A central dot forms a common feature, no doubt representing the axis around which a scriber has been rotated; in some instances the dot is markedly deep and often the brooch is completely perforated at the centre. Not infrequently the periphery of the brooch is notched. Tinning is common on these brooches (especially the more highly-decorated examples), but gilding is not encountered, adding to the impression that they occupy a position complementary to that of the saucer and applied brooches of the more affluent sections of Saxon society...There are no obvious Continental prototypes for these brooches, which seem to have been an insular Anglo-Saxon development. As a whole the type tends to occur south of a line from the Severn to the Wash. Within this region the upper Thames Valley is particularly productive and may have formed a major production centre. The date range spans the fifth and sixth centuries (most of them occupying the median hundred years or so), with little evidence for formal development within that period" (MacGregor & Bolick: 1993, 57).

Class: disc

Subsequent actions

Current location of find: Finder
Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Early
Period from: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod to: Early
Period to: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Ascribed Culture: Anglo-Saxon
Date from: Circa AD 400
Date to: Circa AD 600

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Thickness: 10.34 mm
Weight: 6.33 g
Diameter: 32.83 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Monday 12th August 2013

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Frank Basford
Identified by: Mr Frank Basford

Other reference numbers

Other reference: IOW2014-2-128

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Isle of Wight (Unitary Authority)
District: Isle of Wight (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: Isle of Wight

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: Generated from computer mapping software
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Current location: Finder
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Operations to a depth greater than 0.25m

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: IOW
Created: 5 years ago
Updated: 5 months ago

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