NMS-3EA590: Neolithic axehead

Rights Holder: Norfolk County Council
CC License:


Rights Holder: Norfolk County Council
CC License:

Image use policy

Our images can be used under a CC BY attribution licence (unless stated otherwise).

AXEHEAD

Unique ID: NMS-3EA590

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A Neolithic fully polished stone axe of pale olive colour with a few minor ancient chips to both ends. There is a larger sub-conchoidal recent damage flake removed towards the middle of one face, the stone in this facet is of a grey/green nature and is unpatinated showing the original colour of the rock. The lateral edges are sharply faceted and the cutting edge shows signs of being re-flaked and reground, thus the axe may have been much larger originally. Surviving dimensions: 114.5 x 65 x 32mm.

This stone has its origins in Cumbria and is a product of the Great Langdale axe "factory" where Epidotized Intermediate Volcanic Tuff (Petrological Group VI) was sourced in the uplands and roughed-out (knapped) on the outcrop itself, then transported elsewhere and painstakingly ground into shape using varying grades of sand and sandstone to form the polished surface. Experiments of this process "suggests seven to nine hours of labour for an all-over ground Group VI axe head and up to three times as long for a flint one." (Bradley and Edmonds 1993; P. Harding 1987; Whittle, Healey and Bayliss 2011.)

Stone axes of Group VI have a wide distribution throughout the UK (Clough and Cummins 1988, map 6, P. 270) and have been found as far away as Poland. In Norfolk however there are several casual finds across the county, but with a marked concentration towards the West and the South-West along the Fens and the Fen edge (Clough and Green 1972). This new axe fits in well with previous discoveries.

The Fenland Project (EAA 78, Healy 1996) surveyed the parishes of Hilgay, Feltwell, Hockwold cum Wilton, Methwold, Northwold, Southery and Weeting with Broomhill and unearthed many exotic stone implements of Neolithic date. From 60 identifiable finds of non-local stone, 11 of them where of Group VI, mostly axes and adzes.

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: County / local importance

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: NEOLITHIC
Period from: NEOLITHIC
Period to: NEOLITHIC
Date from: Circa 4000 BC
Date to: Circa 2351 BC

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 114.5 mm
Width: 65 mm
Thickness: 32 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Wednesday 20th November 2013 - Wednesday 20th November 2013

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mrs Erica Darch
Identified by: Mr Jason Gibbons

Other reference numbers

SMR reference number: 58999
Other reference: IND20112013ED

Materials and construction

Primary material: Stone
Manufacture method: Ground/polished
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: Eastern (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Norfolk (County)
District: King's Lynn and West Norfolk (District)
Parish or ward: Hilgay (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TL6198
Four figure Latitude: 52.55602594
Four figure longitude: 0.37342003
1:25K map: TL6198
1:10K map: TL69NW
Grid reference source: Generated from computer mapping software
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Agricultural or drainage work
Discovery circumstances: Found in potato riddler / grader.

References cited

No references cited so far.

Similar objects

Find number: LANCUM-AB496F
Object type: AXEHEAD ROUGHOUT
Broadperiod: NEOLITHIC
A stone axehead roughout made from Langdale epidotized tuff stone and dating from the Neolithic Period, 3000 BC - 2350 BC. Lenticular in sect…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Find number: SWYOR-B6DE55
Object type: AXEHEAD ROUGHOUT
Broadperiod: NEOLITHIC
A stone axehead roughout made from Langdale epidotized tuff stone and dating from the Neolithic Period, 4000 BC - 2350 BC. The roughout is ov…
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Find number: SWYOR-E70566
Object type: AXEHEAD ROUGHOUT
Broadperiod: NEOLITHIC
A stone axehead roughout made from Langdale epidotized tuff stone and dating from the Neolithic Period, 4000 BC - 2350 BC. The roughout is ov…
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: NMS
Created: 5 years ago
Updated: 5 years ago

Other formats: this page is available as qrcode json xml geojson pdf rdf representations.