WMID-E96A51: Early Medieval: Incomplete great square headed brooch

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
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Unique ID: WMID-E96A51

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete copper alloy gilded great square headed brooch fragment, of Early Medieval dating (c. AD 450 to c. AD 600).

Less than 25% of the brooch is present, consisting only of part of the bow and a small amount of the head plate. The rest of the brooch is missing, presumed lost in antiquity.

The brooch fragment is sub triangular in plan, and curved in section. The front has been gilded. The decoration on the front can be separated in two parts: the bow and the square plate. The bow is decorated with a central rectangular ridge, with two lower ridges diagonally to either side. A central pellet is present at the base of the bow. The plate fragment has a square with parallel grooves following the edges as decoration, Raised S shapes are present to either side. The reverse is plain and undecorated. The remains of two pin lugs with an iron axis bar, for the pin to attach to, are present on the reverse.

It measures 23.3 mm in length, 17.9 mm wide and 6.8 mm thick (at the bow). It weighs 4.7 g.

The brooch is a mid brown colour, with gilding present in the recesses and an even surface patina.

A similar great squared headed brooch was recorded from grave A11, located in the Anglo-Saxon cemeteries at Beckford, Herefordshire & Worcestershire (Evison & Hill, 1996, p 98, fig 11) and considered to date from c. AD 475 to c. AD 550.

Evison, V. & Hill, P. 1996. Two Anglo-Saxon cemeteries at Beckford, Hereford & Worcester. CBA Research Report 103. CBA. York.

Class: great square headed

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Early
Date from: Circa AD 450
Date to: Circa AD 600

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 23.3 mm
Width: 17.9 mm
Thickness: 6.8 mm
Weight: 4.7 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Tuesday 1st January 2013 - Thursday 31st January 2013

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Miss Teresa Gilmore
Identified by: Miss Teresa Gilmore

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Secondary material: Iron
Completeness: Incomplete
Surface Treatment: Gilded

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Warwickshire (County)
District: Rugby (District)
To be known as: Rugby area

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Discovery circumstances: Found whilst searching with a metal detector

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: WMID
Created: 5 years ago
Updated: 4 years ago

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