FAHG-1AD586: Early-medieval button brooch

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BROOCH

Unique ID: FAHG-1AD586

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

Early Anglo-Saxon button brooch of Avent and Evison's Class I, probably Class Ii. Only the centre of the brooch survives, with much of the rim missing. There is hair rather than a helmet, a continuously vertically ribbed crescent around the top of the face. Below the hair are two round pellet eyes, with a groove separating these from the hair; there are no brow ridges. A ridge runs down between the eyes to for the nose. A single squarish boss forms each cheek and between the lower cheeks, below the nose, are two curved blocks making mouth and chin.

The curved mouth and chin give the face a chubby smiling aspect which is unlike most button brooches. Although one Class Ii and two Class I2 brooch, both from Oxfordshire, also have fully ridged hair (Suzuki 2008, pls. 170, 174, 176) none of the known Class Is is very much like the Ewelme brooch. A further Class I2 brooch from Chirton in Wiltshire is recorded on the PAS database, WILT-25DE61, and is perhaps the closest parallel to the Ewelme example.

Notes:

Object identified from photo supplied by Helena Hamerow via Stuart Brookes. No further details are available at present.

Class: button

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Early
Period from: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Ascribed Culture: Anglo-Saxon
Date from: Circa AD 450
Date to: Circa AD 550

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1

Personal details

Recorded by: Dr Helen Geake
Identified by: Dr Helen Geake

Other reference numbers

Other reference: Photos S 850-1

Materials and construction

Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Oxfordshire (County)
District: South Oxfordshire (District)
Parish or ward: Ewelme (Civil Parish)

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: FAHG
Created: 5 years ago
Updated: 5 years ago

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