LON-336E11: A medieval gilt copper alloy zoomorphic annular brooch dating to the 13th century.

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BROOCH

Unique ID: LON-336E11

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A medieval gilt copper alloy zoomorphic annular brooch dating to the 13th century. This figurative brooch depicts two big cats (either lions or leopards) in high relief with their heads raised and facing outwards (rampant guardant). There are two holes at the point where the forelegs from the beasts join. Their bodies are decorated in punched annulets, suggesting they are more likely leopards than lions. The left animal's waist is stepped to form a constriction for the pin. At the same point on the opposite animal is a notch for the pin rest. The animals' tails curve to form two loops, with a knop in the middle of each tail mirroring the heads. The pattern on the bodies continues on the section connecting the feet of the animals. The pin is still present. There are traces of gilding across all the surfaces of the brooch; the visible copper alloy has a pale green patina.

This artefact belongs to a series of 13th century brooches depicting pairs of figures or more commonly animals in high relief, arranged to from a ring. An example depicting two interlocking dragons, found in Bennington Herts, is thought to date to the mid-13th century (Alexander & Binski, 1987, 483).Further examples have also been recorded under the 1996 Treasure Act. An example from Cliffe, Kent, is silver-gilt and depicts two lions holding two human facemasks, this example is dated to the 13th century (DCMS, 2008, 105, 344). Another example depicting two lions was found at South Ormsby Kum Ketsby, Lincolnshire 2003 T12 and is also dated to the 13th century (DCMS, 2006, 95, 222). Furthermore, a similar example can be found on the PAS database - GLO-6E1917 - though none match the exact design.

Dimensions: length: 19.20 mm; width: 13.46 mm; thickness: 4.33 mm; weight: 2.13g.

References: Alexander J & Binski P (eds),1987. Age of Chivalry: Art in Plantagenet England 1200-1400. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.

DCMS, 2006.Treasure Annual Report 2003. Department of Culture, Media and Sport: Cultural Property Unit

DCMS, 2008.Treasure Annual Report 2005/6. Department of Culture, Media and Sport: Cultural Property Unit

Class: Annular

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Early
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Subperiod to: Late
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1200
Date to: Circa AD 1300

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 19.2 mm
Width: 13.46 mm
Thickness: 4.33 mm
Weight: 2.13 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Ben Paites
Identified by: Mr Ben Paites
Secondary identifier: Mrs Kate Sumnall

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Complete
Surface Treatment: Gilded

Spatial metadata

Region: London (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Greater London Authority (Greater London Authority)
District: Bromley (London Borough)
Parish or ward: Farnborough and Crofton (London Borough Ward)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TQ4363
Four figure Latitude: 51.34809567
Four figure longitude: 0.051971
1:25K map: TQ4363
1:10K map: TQ46SW
What3Words: enjoy.begins.drive
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Operations to a depth greater than 0.25m

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: LON
Created: Monday 25th November 2013
Updated: Wednesday 4th December 2013

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