LANCUM-FC4736: Post Medieval lead or lead alloy seal

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
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Unique ID: LANCUM-FC4736

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Post Medieval lead or lead alloy alnage bag seal mid 16th to 18th century AD probably Hungarian. The obverse contains lettering but they are difficult to make out. The reverse is decorated with 4 stylised flower roses. One of the many German flour steam mills situated around Budapest but unfortunately the name of the mill is missing. Similar to PAS Unique ID: KENT-76A152. Another seal on the database, SWYOR-639D77, notes that DAMPF MUHLEN A.G. suggests a German steam mill manufacturer - see for more details. Alnage seals, cloth seals and bale seals were widely used in Europe between the 13th and 19th centuries as a means of identification and as a component of regulation and quality control. Cloth seals probably originated in the Low Countries in the thirteenth century, and then been started to be used in England in the late fourteenth century. They appear to be the most thoroughly documented type of seal. Cloth seals were typically two disc seals joined by a connecting strip. These were intended to be folded around each side of a textile and stamped closed, in a manner similar to that in which coins were stamped.

Diameter 19mm, and weight 7.24g.

Class: Bag

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Early
Period from: POST MEDIEVAL
Subperiod to: Late
Date from: Circa AD 1700
Date to: Circa AD 1800

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Weight: 7.24 g
Diameter: 19 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Thursday 7th November 2013 - Thursday 7th November 2013

Personal details

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Materials and construction

Primary material: Lead Alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: North West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Lancashire (County)
District: West Lancashire (District)
To be known as: Ormskirk

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: Centred on village (which isn't a parish)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Minimal cultivation

References cited

No references cited so far.

Similar objects

Find number: KENT-76A152
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Broadperiod: POST MEDIEVAL
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Find number: SWYOR-639D77
Object type: SEAL
Broadperiod: MODERN
An incomplete Hungarian lead alloy flour bag seal which is Modern in date. The seal is 3.9mm thick, 19.2mm in diameter and weighs 6.19g. It i…
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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: LANCUM
Created: 8 years ago
Updated: 2 years ago

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