SOM-B7BB87: Roman Polden Hill (variant) brooch

Rights Holder: Somerset County Council
CC License:


Image use policy

Our images can be used under a CC BY attribution licence (unless stated otherwise).

BROOCH

Unique ID: SOM-B7BB87

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

An incomplete copper-alloy Roman brooch of Colchester derivative, Polden Hill (Mackreth Group 5, flat wing ends type, Western Group), cf. Mackreth 2011, 5.b1. Plate 50. No. 1735 of later 1st to mid 2nd century AD. The pin mechanism is missing, with the pin, as is the foot and catch-plate. The head has short wings (given a wide bow at this point) with oval perforated end plates; the axis bar is missing, both plates having abraded through. There is a double transverse groove and ridge at each terminal. Set forward from the centre of the head is a rearward facing hook: possibly a loop for retaining the chord that has broken through. The upper bow emerges from the wings initially at a width of c. 10.6mm before narrowing at a step, then tapering. Initially it turns through around ninety degrees. On its outer surface the features a small central ridge, outlined beyond by a triangular moulding. Either side of this moulding is a groove before ridges at the sides. The lower surface of the bow is slightly recessed. Such moulded decoration echoes that on Polden Hill variant brooches illustrated in Hattatt (2000, 301; fig. 160). The leg below is plain; as it narrows gradually it expands in thickness. The break before the catch-plate is old; there is also evidence of slight twisting. The brooch generally has a variable mid-brown colour.

Class: Colchester derivative, Polden Hill (Mackreth Group 5, flat wing ends type, Western Group)
Sub class: Mackreth 2011, 5.b1. Plate 50. No. 1735

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 80
Date to: Circa AD 150

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 28 mm
Height: 10.6 mm
Width: 18.3 mm
Weight: 3.88 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Robert Webley
Identified by: Mr Robert Webley
Secondary identifier: Ms Sally Worrell

Other reference numbers

Other reference: SCC receipt 22380

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: South West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Somerset (County)
District: South Somerset (District)
To be known as: Wincanton

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

Similar objects

Find number: HAMP-441E21
Object type: BROOCH
Broadperiod: ROMAN
A slightly damaged cast copper-alloy Roman brooch of Colchester derivative Polden Hill type (flat wing ends type, Western Group) of the later…
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Find number: SOM-5874A5
Object type: BROOCH
Broadperiod: ROMAN
An incomplete copper-alloy Roman Colchester derivative Polden Hill brooch (flat wing ends type, Western Group), cf. Mackreth 2011, 5.c. Plate…
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Find number: HAMP-DAA634
Object type: BROOCH
Broadperiod: ROMAN
A cast copper-alloy Roman T-shaped brooch of initial type dated to later 1st to mid-2nd century AD. The brooch survives quite well, only havi…
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SOM
Created: 5 years ago
Updated: About one year ago

Other formats: this page is available as qrcode json xml geojson pdf rdf representations.