NLM-6A1A61: Early Medieval Weight

Rights Holder: North Lincolnshire Museum
CC License:

Image use policy

Our images can be used under a CC BY attribution licence (unless stated otherwise).


Unique ID: NLM-6A1A61

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Lead possible Weight. Cast plano-convex or conical object with an off-centre (at the top, though not at the base) moulded longitudinal aperture of diameter 3.3mm. A circular groove in the flat face may arise from the cooling of the object in an open mould. The object is patinated overall.

The mass may relate this to Viking systems of measurement for bullion: a Dublin standard based on a module of 4.43gms or a Scandinavian system using a module of 4.07gms. In either case, just under 8 units would be represented, though the hole would permit adjustment to either srtandard by the insertion of a further small weight. Similarly shaped objects are identified as weights at Flixborough, North Lincolnshire (Evans and Loveluck 2009, page 422, fig. 13.3 nos 3279-3282), where a Middle Saxon or Anglo-Scandinavian origin is considered. Such weights share their conical form with playing pieces for Hnafetafl, a contemporary board game, in which case the aperture might hold a wooden peg to fit in a perforated game board. Against this, David Haldenby kindly notes that Viking Age weights are not usually perforated (pers. comm., citing Haldenby, D. and Richards, J.D. 2016, Internet Archaeology no. 42). Suggested date: Unknown, Early Medieval to Medieval, 800-1500.

Diameter: 19.9mm, Height: 18.6mm, Weight: 34.13gms.


The subject of Viking Age metrology is discussed for Flixborough, North Lincolnshire by Wastling 2009 (Wastling, L.M., 'Lead and lead alloy mensuration weights', in Evans, D.H. and Loveluck, C., Life and Economy at Early Flixborough c.AD600-1000, Excavations at Flixborough volume 2, Oxbow, Oxford and Oakville, pages 422-424). Wastling draws on Wallace 1987 for weights from Dublin using a module of 4.43gms (Wallace, P.F. 'The Economy and Commerce of Viking Age Dublin', in K. Duwel et al, Untersuchengen zu Handel und Verkher der vor- und fruhgeschichtlichen Zeit in Mittel- und Nordeuropoa, Teil IV. Der Handel der Karolingerund Wikingerzeit, Gottingen, and on Kruse (1988, 1992) for weights of a more general Scandinavian currency using a module of 4.07gms (Kruse, S. 1988, 'Ingots and Weights in Viking Age Silver Hoards', World Archaeology 20, 265-381; Kruse, S. 1992, 'Late Saxon Balances and Weights from England', Medieval Archaeology 36, 67-95. Kruse bases calculations on Nielsen 1983, on Hedeby, to arrive at the figure of 4.07gms (Nielsen, H-O, 1983, 'Rontgenologische und metrische Untersuchungen an zwei Kugel-Gewichtssatzen aus Haithabu', Berichte uber die Ausgrabungen in Haithabu 18, 109-120, Neumunster. These details were requested by Helen Geake, though this reporter regrets his lack of facility with the imposition of appropriate accents for the Continental sources cited by Wastling. These appear in their proper form in the bibliography of the Flixborough volume.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: UNKNOWN
Subperiod from: Late
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 850
Date to: Circa AD 1500

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Height: 18.6 mm
Weight: 34.13 g
Diameter: 19.9 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Thursday 19th September 2013

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Martin Foreman
Identified by: Mr Martin Foreman

Other reference numbers

Other reference: NLM23554

Materials and construction

Primary material: Lead
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: East Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Lincolnshire (County)
District: West Lindsey (District)
Parish or ward: Northorpe (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SK8897
Four figure Latitude: 53.462404
Four figure longitude: -0.67599518
1:25K map: SK8897
1:10K map: SK89NE
Grid reference source: Centred on field
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

Similar objects

Find number: NLM-CC35E6
Object type: WEIGHT
Broadperiod: UNKNOWN
Lead Weight. Cast conical weight with a foot ring 3mm high and a moulded central hole tapering in its diameter from 8.5mm to 3.5mm. The outsi…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Find number: NLM-113F82
Object type: WEIGHT
Broadperiod: UNKNOWN
Lead weight, as kindly identified by the finder. Cast conical weight with a central aperture of tapering diameter between 2 and 3mm, widest a…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Find number: NLM-C6A336
Object type: WEIGHT
Broadperiod: UNKNOWN
Lead Weight. Cast cylindrical or conical weight with a tapering moulded aperture of diameter 7-4mm, widest at the broader end. An indentation…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: NLM
Created: 5 years ago
Updated: 2 years ago

Other formats: this page is available as qrcode json xml geojson pdf rdf representations.