SOM-21B4C2: Roman initial T-shaped brooch (probably)

Rights Holder: Somerset County Council
CC License:

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Unique ID: SOM-21B4C2

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A copper-alloy Roman probable initial T-shaped brooch, incomplete in so far as it is missing its pin (later 1st-century AD). The brooch survives well, only having suffered some post-depositional abrasions and slight pitting.

The head has tubular wings, flattened slightly on their upper surface. They are apparently plain. The axis bar is largely obscured by the wings, but is can be said to have been made from iron judging by orange corrosion product both at the wing terminals and within the pin slot. The hinged pin is missing.

The upper bow emerges from the wings initially at a width of c. 7.5mm before tapering gradually. Initially it turns through around ninety degrees. Immediately above the pin slot is a step. As it begins the upper surface on the bow is bevelled on both sides. The lowermost surface of the bow is flat, with the sides above both bevelled. As its travels towards the leg, however, the bevelling is rounded out and the bow takes on an oval cross-section. The bow travels up to a high point about halfway along its length before curving gradually down to the foot. At the foot the catch-plate is seamlessly developed from the bow which is expanded and narrowed at the same time. The sub-triangular solid catch-plate survives well, other than the fold which is highly abraded. Both it and the bow are plain. The foot, including the catch-plate, has been bent to one side either as a result of use or old damage.

The brooch has an even mid-green patina. Bayley and Butcher (2004, 159) describe initial T-shaped brooches as 'usually hinged, not enamelled but sometimes with fine relief decoration and lacking a headloop.' They suggest a Flavian association (69-96 AD).

Class: T-shaped
Sub class: initial

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 60
Date to: Circa AD 100

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 65.1 mm
Width: 26.5 mm
Thickness: 20 mm
Weight: 9.56 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Monday 1st April 2013 - Tuesday 30th April 2013

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Robert Webley
Identified by: Mr Robert Webley

Other reference numbers

Other reference: SCC receipt 21983

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Secondary material: Iron
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: South West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Somerset (County)
District: Mendip (District)
To be known as: Near Frome

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: Centred on field
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Grassland, Heathland

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SOM
Created: 5 years ago
Updated: 5 years ago

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