NMGW-4EF0A2: Post-Medieval silver hawking bell

Rights Holder: National Museum Wales
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Unique ID: NMGW-4EF0A2

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

The reported object is a small spherical bell made of silver sheet, in two hemispheres joined at the waist. It is complete, retaining a small figure-of-eight/S-shaped wire suspension link on its loop. It is plain without maker's mark or decoration apart from a single band of twisted wire cable ornament around then girth, masking the join seam of the two bell halves. Maximum diameter 15mm. Weight 00g.

The bell has not undergone any cleaning or conservation.

Metal Content: To judge from its colour and weight, and visual comparison with other silver rings and brooches in the collections of the Department of Archaeology & Numismatics, the item is silver (over 10%).

The dating of bells can be difficult, and recourse has to be made to stylistic comparisons, in the absence of independent dating evidence. Similar bells with cable 'filigree' ornament include one from the Melbourne area of South Derbyshire (diameter 13.3mm; DENO-127662), thought to be 15th century or later (2009 T148), a complete example from near Ash, Kent (same diameter; KENT-CA83D8), one hemisphere of a bell from Lyminge, Kent (KENT-A0D767), one from Burntwood, Staffordshire (diameter 13.26mm; WMID-D1C241), one from Rocklands, Norfolk (diameter about 11.3mm; NMS-3FC063), and one from Swinhope, Lincolnshire (diameter 15mm, attributed to period AD1550-1650; NLM-203CC3).

Other bells include a silver bell fragment with gadrooned decoration from Westcott, Surrey (TAR 2001, no. 169), dated to the late seventeenth century, and a silver rumbler bell from Graveley, Hertfordshire, dated to the 15th century (TAR 2005/6, no. 570)..

Bells were used on jesses on hawks and falcons, and similar bells were also sewn onto the collars of dogs and cats, and onto human clothing. The cable twist ornament on this particular bell (and other recently discovered examples) is also found on other fashionable sixteenth-century dress accessories.

Other items associated with hawking to be found in Wales include a seventeenth-century hawk-ring from Llantrithyd (Treasure Annual Report 2001, no. 167). On balance, the bell from Lamphey is likely to be sixteenth or early seventeenth century.

Class: sheet spherical

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Submitted for consideration as Treasure

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2011W23


Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
Period from: POST MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1500
Date to: Circa AD 1650

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Diameter: 15 mm

Personal details

Recorded by: Mr Mark Redknap
Identified by: Mr Mark Lodwick

Other reference numbers

Other reference: Treasure Wales 11.23
Treasure case number: 2011W23

Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: Wales (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Pembrokeshire (Unitary Authority)
District: Pembrokeshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: Lamphey (Community)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SN0200
Four figure Latitude: 51.663805
Four figure longitude: -4.864365
1:25K map: SN0200
1:10K map: SN00SW
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: NMGW
Created: 6 years ago
Updated: 2 years ago

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