HAMP-006CE5: Early Early-Medieval button brooch

Rights Holder: Winchester Museums Service
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Unique ID: HAMP-006CE5

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete copper alloy button brooch of Early-Medieval (Anglo-Saxon) date (c. 450-550), missing its pin, spring mechanism and curl of the catchplate (all old breaks). There is no trace of gilding.

The brooch depicts a face within a concentric circle. An inverted V made of two inward-curving lines form the hair with the eyes below within a triangular area, against a triangular nose. The cheeks to either side are semi-circular and the mouth beneath is open and a pointed-oval in outline.

The brooch measures 17.39mm in diameter at the top of walls, 14.76mm in diameter at the base of the walls inside and 17.12mm diameter to the reverse. The brooch is slightly oval in shape, measuring 17.39x16.85mm (underside 17.12x16.26mm). It stands 5.65mm high, the walls being 3.77mm high, and weighs 3.62g.

Button brooches are distinguished by their small size and by the anthropomorphic face-masks which they feature. They may have been used in different ways as dress fasteners. It is thought that they may have been used singly rather than in pairs like the similar but larger saucer brooches. Button brooches are found throughout much of southern England and date between the later fifth and mid-sixth centuries.

Reference: Suzuki, S, 2008; Anglo Saxon Button Brooches Typology, Genealogy, Chronology.

Class: Button

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Early
Subperiod to: Early
Date from: Circa AD 450
Date to: Circa AD 550

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 17.39 mm
Width: 16.85 mm
Thickness: 5.65 mm
Weight: 3.62 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Tuesday 1st January 2013 - Friday 12th July 2013

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Katie Hinds
Identified by: Ms Katie Hinds

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Hampshire (County)
District: Basingstoke and Deane (District)
To be known as: St Mary Bourne

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: Centred on parish
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Operations to a depth less than 0.25 m

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: HAMP
Created: 5 years ago
Updated: 7 months ago

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