NMS-DBA5E8: Early Medieval Disc Brooch

Rights Holder: Norfolk County Council
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Unique ID: NMS-DBA5E8

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Middle Saxon to Late Saxon copper alloy disc brooch of Weetch type 18.Ai, bearing a cross-pattee motif. The angles between the arms are demarcated by four low curving or C-shaped ribs. In all five resultant shallow cells there are traces of dull pale brown material, probably decayed enamel. On the reverse both the single pin lug and the catchplate are set parallel to the edge. The loop of the iron pin remains engaged with the former. Diameter 20mm. Thickness excluding pin fixings 1mm.

This piece may be compared with Eggenstein et al. 2008, plates 62.9, 62.13-16 and 62.17. An example from Burg Elmendorf in Germany was dated to the 9th or 10th century (Ahrens 1978, 556, Kat. Nr. 43), while an 8th-century date has been claimed for some grave-finds in the Rhineland (Everson 1977b, 9, fig. 4i). In Friesland such brooches are given a broad date of the 8th to 10th centuries (Bos 2007/8, 712, figs. 4b and 4c). See also brooches from Hasketon and Wattisfield, Suffolk (West 1998, 102, figs. 47.18 and 133.2) Market Weston, Suffolk, found in 1991 (polaroid photograph held by Norfolk Historic Environment Service) and Hertfordshire (ESS-5E37A1). Norfolk parallels include examples from Banham (HER 24836, NMS-ED9EF1), Bracon Ash (HER 50372), Castle Acre (HER 20726), Catfield (HER 40862, NMS-360030), Cringleford (HER 31627), Felthorpe (HER 31649), Hilgay (HER 13903), Little Cressingham (HER 12770, Atkin 1978), Postwick and Witton (HER 13603), Shropham (HER 17722), Thetford (HER 5756, Goodall, A.R. in Rogerson and Dallas 1984, 68, fig. 109 no. 7), Thetford( HER 24849), Weeting with Broomhill (HER 50541) and unprovenanced (HER 23688).

8th to 10th century.

Class: enamelled cross
Sub class: Weetch type 18.Ai

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Middle
Subperiod to: Late
Date from: Circa AD 720
Date to: Circa AD 1000

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Thickness: 1 mm
Diameter: 20 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Friday 1st March 2013 - Friday 15th March 2013

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Dr Andrew Rogerson
Identified by: Dr Andrew Rogerson

Other reference numbers

SMR reference number: 31402
Other reference: ET032013

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Complete
Surface Treatment: Inlaid with enamel

Spatial metadata

Region: Eastern (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Norfolk (County)
District: Breckland (District)
Parish or ward: Roudham and Larling (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TL9889
Four figure Latitude: 52.463032
Four figure longitude: 0.913145
1:25K map: TL9889
1:10K map: TL98NE
Grid reference source: Generated from computer mapping software
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: NMS
Created: 5 years ago
Updated: 4 months ago

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