BUC-5D0980: Iron Age gold stater hoard initial 42

Rights Holder: Buckinghamshire County Museum
CC License:


Image use policy

Our images can be used under a CC BY attribution licence (unless stated otherwise).

COIN HOARD

Unique ID: BUC-5D0980

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

All of the coins are British Iron Age gold staters that would have been produced between about 60 and 50 BC. These coins are therefore roughly contemporary with the invasions of Britain by Julius Caesar (in 55 and 54 BC). Three different types of coin are represented: 'British B' or 'Chute' types, 'British LA' or 'Whaddon Chase' types (which are in fact named after the earlier hoard mentioned above) and 'British QB' types. The find can, therefore, be summarised as follows:

Quantity

British B (Chute type) BM 35 / VA 1205

1

British B (Chute type) ancient gold plated imitation as BM 35 / VA 1205

1

British LA (Whaddon Chase type) BM 279 / VA 1470

2

British LA (Whaddon Chase type) BM 287 / VA 1472

6

British LA (Whaddon Chase type) BM 295 / VA 1476

8

British LA (Whaddon Chase type) BM 306 / VA 1476-5

43

British LA (Whaddon Chase type) - partially melted

1

British QB (Triple-tailed horse type) BM 461 / VA 216

11

Total

73

References to published examples:

VA = R Van Arsdell, Celtic Coinage of Britain (London, 1989)

BM = R Hobbs, British Iron Age Coins in the British Museum (London, 1996)

Date and Metal Content

The coins satisfy the terms of the Treasure Act with regard to age and metal content. They are certainly more than 300 years old and coins of this type that have been subjected to metallurgical analysis have precious metal contents in excess of the 10% threshold.

Of the same find?

The type of coin and the circumstances of discovery, as reported, suggest that the group outlined above formed part of a single hoard buried together in antiquity. Furthermore, we can be almost certain that the present find is related to the 'Whaddon Chase hoard' of 1849. Early accounts of this hoard suggest that it was found at 'Little Horwood', giving it the same findspot as the present find. Although the details of the original Whaddon Chase hoard are inaccurately recorded, as many discoveries of that period were, it is clear that the coins were similar to the current finds. Estimates of its size vary from 450 to 2000 coins, most of which seem to have been the British L and Q types, that also appear in the present find. It is most likely that the current find is part of the original hoard or hoards that remained undiscovered at the time.

Conclusion

I conclude that the 73 coins presented here constitute a prima facie case of treasure under the terms of the Treasure Act (1996).

Ian Leins, Curator of Iron Age and Roman Coins, Department of Coins and Medals, British Museum. 31 May 2007

Notes:

The finders discovered the 73 Iron Age coins whilst searching on farmland with metal-detectors. The coins were found over several weeks and were delivered to the British Museum in four batches between January and April 2007. The reported location and composition of this coin group mean that it is almost certainly associated with a large hoard of coins, known as the Whaddon Chase hoard, found in 1849.

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: Regional importance

Subsequent actions

Current location of find: Bucks County Museum
Subsequent action after recording: Acquired by museum after being declared Treasure

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2006T640

Chronology

Broad period: IRON AGE
Date from: Circa 50 BC
Date to: Circa 60 BC

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 73

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Saturday 16th December 2006 - Saturday 3rd March 2007

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Ros Tyrrell
Identified by: Dr Ian Leins
Secondary identifier: Ms Ros Tyrrell

Other reference numbers

Other reference: See also 2 more: 2007T608
Treasure case number: 2006T640
Museum accession number: 2008.74.

Materials and construction

Primary material: Gold
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Buckinghamshire (County)
District: Aylesbury Vale (District)
To be known as: East of Buckingham

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Current location: Bucks County Museum
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

Similar objects

Find number: BUC-6CFB85
Object type: COIN HOARD
Broadperiod: IRON AGE
Both coins are British Iron Age gold staters of a type known as 'British LA' or 'Whaddon Chase' (BM 295 = VA 1476). Similar coins accounted f…
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Find number: IARCH-2C0E9F
Object type: HOARD
Broadperiod: IRON AGE
De Jersey (2014): "The first published notice of the Whaddon Chase hoard appears to be in the Bucks Herald of Saturday 17 March, 1849 (Fig…
Workflow: On reviewFind on review

Find number: NARC-5F5173
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: IRON AGE
British Iron Age gold stater; early uninscribed 'British L' (Whaddon Chase) type. VA1476-5; BM306-328. This type is well represented in the Ea…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: BUC
Created: 5 years ago
Updated: 5 years ago

Other formats: this page is available as qrcode json xml geojson pdf rdf representations.