WMID-7C11D8: WMID-7C11D8: Modern: Bag seal from Graziano, Palmero, Italy

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
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Unique ID: WMID-7C11D8

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A complete cast lead alloy bag seal of Late Post Medieval to Modern dating (18th to 20th Centuries AD).

The bag seal is sub circular in plan and consists of two circular discs of lead alloy metal pressed together to secure the string. A diagonal slit is present on one side, suggesting that the string / thread was cut free.

One side bears the legend: GRAZIANO PALERMO in two rows of lettering. Below the letter is a line bearing a five petalled flower. Above the lettering is a six pointed star device. The other side bears the triskelion device of three joined legs.

It measures 20.45 mm in diameter and 3.62 mm thick. It weighs 6.6 grams.

The triskelion device is the symbol for Sicily and has been used since the Greek period. Palermo is the captial of Sicily, suggesting that the manufacturer, Graziano, were based in the captial. Bag seals of this type were used for grain or fertiliser and were in use from the Late 18th Century through to the Early 20th Century AD.

Class: bag

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: MODERN
Period from: MODERN
Period to: MODERN
Date from: Circa AD 1850
Date to: Circa AD 1950

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Thickness: 3.62 mm
Weight: 6.6 g
Diameter: 20.45 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 16th September 2012

Rally details.

This object was found at Timeline Detection, Evercreech (2012)

Personal details

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Materials and construction

Primary material: Lead Alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: South West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Somerset (County)
District: Mendip (District)
Parish or ward: Milton Clevedon (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: ST6536
Four figure Latitude: 51.122207
Four figure longitude: -2.501472
1:25K map: ST6536
1:10K map: ST63NE
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Discovery circumstances: Found whilst metal detecting

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

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1 comment

  • Paul Cannon wrote @ 20:49:01 on the 5th November 2012.

    For other examples of this seal see: http://www.bagseals.org/gallery/main.php?g2_itemId=3279 http://www.bagseals.org/gallery/main.php?g2_itemId=1815 http://www.bagseals.org/gallery/main.php?g2_itemId=252 http://www.ukdfd.co.uk/ukdfddata/showrecords.php?product=3505&cat=all At the centre of the three joined legs is the head of a Medusa. I believe this is known as a Trinacria. Whilst not very clear on this example it can be more easily seen on some of the Bagseal examples. During the 19th century Sicily was one of the worlds largest sources of sulphur and was the major export from the island. By the middle years of the 19th century Britain was the major recipient of Sicilian sulphur. There is no evidence from the seals themselves as to what the commodity was that they were attached to bags of. However is it possible that they are linked to the sulphur trade I wonder? This is very speculative and only further research can prove if there is a link to Britains Victorian chemicals industry. Sulphur was largely used in the manufacture of sulphuric acid which was then used to make chemical fertilisers. It was also used to make gunpowder.

Audit data

Recording Institution: WMID
Created: 9 years ago
Updated: 9 years ago

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