WILT-9301F8: Roman Hod Hill brooch

Rights Holder: Salisbury and South Wiltshire Museum
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Unique ID: WILT-9301F8

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete Roman copper alloy Hod Hill brooch (AD c.43-70) with middle side lugs, missing the wings, pin and the curl of the catchplate. It measures 36.41mm in length and weighs 3.22g.

The head, which survives to just below the wings, measures 13.14mm wide and the remains of the pin slot is apparent in the outside edge. Below the head is a transverse ridge 10.75mm in length. The bow below is rectangular in shape, with the knops projecting at the middle of the sides rather worn and almost missing. The bow is decorated with four longitudinal ribs, those at the centre slightly closer together. The bow measures 16.47mm wide.

The lower bow is triangular in shape with a worn moulded transverse rib. Beyond it widens into the foot, a double-moulding 5.54mm wide. The catchplate extends to the reverse behind the lower bow.

In "Late Iron Age and Roman Brooches", Worrell (1998, p9) notes that Hod Hill brooches are closely related to Aucissa brooches from which they probably developed. They occur widely on the continent, particularly in Gaul and the Rhineland (ibid.). The main centre of production was probably Gaul, but some were probably made in Britain (ibid.). They are often associated with military sites and probably introduced to Britain by the Roman army, although they are also found on non-military sites (ibid.). Hod Hill brooches are known from post-conquest depositions and the type is better known on the continent. Bayley & Butcher (2004, p.153) suggest Hod Hill brooches went out of use c.70 AD.

Class: Hod Hill
Sub class: side lugs

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 43
Date to: Circa AD 70

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 36.41 mm
Width: 13.14 mm
Weight: 3.22 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Wednesday 30th May 2012 - Wednesday 29th August 2012

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Katie Hinds
Identified by: Ms Katie Hinds

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: South West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Swindon (Unitary Authority)
District: Swindon (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: Swindon

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: Generated from computer mapping software
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Operations to a depth less than 0.25 m

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: WILT
Created: 6 years ago
Updated: 6 years ago

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