KENT-30F137: KENT-30F137

Rights Holder: Kent County Council
CC License:


Rights Holder: Kent County Council
CC License:

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HOARD

Unique ID: KENT-30F137

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

A Bronze Age hoard of one cast copper alloy socketed axe and fifteen copper alloy ingots/bronze cake fragments.

Catalogue

Note: Catalogue completed before conservation work undertaken.

The objects were not cleaned or treated by the finders.

A. Socketed axe (1)

Measurements: Length: 72mm; Width (blade): 35mm; Socket (inner-outer): 25-33mm; Socket (back-front, inner-outer): 23-29mm; Weight: 103.7g.

Description: Cast copper alloy socketed looped axe of plain South Eastern Type. Complete. The axe has a rectangular double-mouth moulding which is aligned with the blade. The body of the axe is undecorated. The lower part of the blade looks worn and sharpened but re-sharpening marks are obliterated. There are two short hafting ribs on inside of the socket.

1. Fragment of bronze cake/bronze ingot fragment (1)

Measurements: Length: 110mm; Width: 52mm; Thickness: 33mm; Weight: 628.8g

Description: Fragment of bronze cake/ingot.

2. Fragment of bronze cake/bronze ingot fragment (2)

Measurements: Length: 73mm; Width: 71mm; Thickness: 33mm; Weight: 810.7g Description: Fragment of bronze cake/ingot.

3. Fragment of bronze cake/bronze ingot fragment (3)

Measurements: Length: 76mm; Width: 55mm; Thickness: 25mm; Weight: 394.2g

Description: Fragment of bronze cake/ingot.

4. Fragment of bronze cake/bronze ingot fragment (4)

Measurements: Length: 80mm; Width: 51mm; Thickness: 23mm; Weight: 353.7g

Description: Fragment of bronze cake/ingot.

5. Fragment of bronze cake/bronze ingot fragment (5)

Measurements: Length: 67mm; Width: 52mm; Thickness: 21mm; Weight: 373.9g

Description: Fragment of bronze cake/ingot.

6. Fragment of bronze cake/bronze ingot fragment (6)

Measurements: Length: 63mm; Width: 70mm; Thickness: 24mm; Weight: 337.3g

Description: Fragment of bronze cake/ingot.

7. Fragment of bronze cake/bronze ingot fragment (7)

Measurements: Length: 73mm; Width: 45mm; Thickness: 23mm; Weight: 287.8g

Description: Fragment of bronze cake/ingot.

8. Fragment of bronze cake/bronze ingot fragment (8)

Measurements: Length: 69mm; Width: 48mm; Thickness: 24mm; Weight: 251.7g

Description: Fragment of bronze cake/ingot.

9. Fragment of bronze cake/bronze ingot fragment (9)

Measurements: Length: 55mm; Width: 58mm; Thickness: 20mm; Weight: 236.8g

Description: Fragment of bronze cake/ingot.

10. Fragment of bronze cake/bronze ingot fragment (10)

Measurements: Length: 62mm; Width: 43mm; Thickness: 17mm; Weight: 158g

Description: Fragment of bronze cake/ingot.

11. Fragment of bronze cake/bronze ingot fragment (11)

Measurements: Length: 47mm; Width: 39mm; Thickness: 23mm; Weight: 109.9g

Description: Fragment of bronze cake/ingot.

12. Fragment of bronze cake/bronze ingot fragment (12)

Measurements: Length: 62mm; Width: 39mm; Thickness: 25.5mm; Weight: 237.4g

Description: Fragment of bronze cake/ingot.

13. Fragment of bronze cake/bronze ingot fragment (13)

Measurements: Length: 40mm; Width: 30mm; Thickness: 27mm; Weight: 138.6g

Description: Fragment of bronze cake/ingot.

14. Fragment of bronze cake/bronze ingot fragment (14)

Measurements: Length: 60mm; Width: 35mm; Thickness: 22mm; Weight: 138.8g

Description: Fragment of bronze cake/ingot.

15. Fragment of bronze cake/bronze ingot fragment (15)

Measurements: Length: 26mm; Width: 27mm; Thickness: 10mm; Weight: 27.6g

Description: Fragment of bronze cake/ingot.

Discussion

The Faversham hoard consists of one socketed looped cast copper-alloy axe and fifteen bronze cake- or ingot fragments. The date of the hoard is derived of the socketed axe which is of plain South Eastern Type and part of the Ewart Park metalwork assemblage dating from c. 900BC.

The fifteen bronze ingot fragments would be difficult to date on their own but they appear to be fragments of 'cake'- or 'bun'-shaped ingots which are a type generally considered to a Late Bronze Age type because they are most commonly found in Late Bronze Age hoards in Kent and East Anglia deposited together with Ewart Park and Carp's Tongue metalwork. They usually accompany larger assemblages of spearheads, sword fragments, socketed axes of plain and ribbed South Eastern and faceted Meldreth Types, smaller wood-working tools such as hammers, chisels and gouges and, to much lesser extent, ornaments such as rings, buttons and bracelets. Most if not all of the deposited artefacts had usually been prepared for use and/or used and it is possible that they were discarded after they had outlived their usefulness. Most artefacts are damaged or have been intentionally damaged and rendered useless. It is likely that these artefacts were collected and kept in a safe place for recycling. This would explain the presence of fragments of bronze cake/ingot fragments, too.

Conclusion

Thus, in light of the dating of the socketed axe and its direct association with the fifteen bronze cake/ingot fragments, the Faversham hoard qualifies as Treasure under the Amendment to the Treasure Act of 1996 (Category 2) which stipulates that any group of two or more metallic objects of any composition of any prehistoric date that come from the same find and found after 1 January 2003, qualify as Treasure under the Treasure Act.

References

Schmidt, P. and Burgess, C. 1981. The Axes of Scotland and Northern England. Munich: Beck, Prähistorische Bronzefunde IX/7.

Author:

Dot Boughton MPhil MSt
FLO (Lancashire and Cumbria)
Department of Portable Antiquities and Treasure
The British Museum

Checked:

Neil Wilkin
Curator, Bronze Age Collection
The British Museum

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Submitted for consideration as Treasure

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2012T660

Chronology

Broad period: BRONZE AGE
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: BRONZE AGE
Subperiod to: Late
Period to: BRONZE AGE
Date from: Circa 1000 BC
Date to: Circa 800 BC

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 16

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Miss Jennifer Jackson
Identified by: Miss Jennifer Jackson
Secondary identifier: Dr Dot Boughton

Other reference numbers

Treasure case number: 2012T660

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Kent (County)
District: Swale (District)
To be known as: OSPRINGE

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: Generated from computer mapping software
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: KENT
Created: 6 years ago
Updated: About one year ago

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