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YORYM-C70664: Uncertain Date : Axehead

Rights Holder: York Museums Trust
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AXEHEAD

Unique ID: YORYM-C70664

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A complete iron axehead of uncertain date. The axehead is of the bearded type being sub-rectangular in plan with an expanded blade with a pronounced downward projection. Much of the original cutting edge has been lost to degradation though it appears to have had a gentle curve. The socket of the axe is deltoid in plan with two sub-triangular projections from the bottom edge which would have stabilised the axe on the wooden shaft.

The metal is a mid orangey-brown colour and is heavily corroded. The axehead is 158mm long, 126.5mm wide at the blade, 71.3mm wide at the socket, 3.2mm thick at the blade, 40.6mm thick at the socket, and weighs 915g.

The shape and construction of this axe fits within a sub-class known as "bearded" axes. These were cheaply made, popular and widely available general-utility tools owned by many. National Finds Advisor Kevin Leahy states that Wheeler (London and the Vikings, 1927, 22-27) saw this type as developing in the eighth-ninth centuries. However, the type remained in use for a long period and Ian Goodall cites examples shown in illustrations of sixteenth century date (Goodall, 2011, 21-22).

Therefore due to a lack of contextual evidence with which to support a specific date only a very broad date of circa AD 750 - 1600 can be ascribed for this object.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: UNKNOWN
Period from: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Period to: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 750
Date to: Circa AD 1600

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 158 mm
Width: 126.5 mm
Thickness: 40.6 mm
Weight: 915 g

Personal details

This information is restricted for your access level.

Materials and construction

Primary material: Iron
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: Yorkshire and the Humber (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: North Yorkshire (County)
District: Harrogate (District)
Parish or ward: Stonebeck Down (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SE1268
Four figure Latitude: 54.107745
Four figure longitude: -1.817958
1:25K map: SE1268
1:10K map: SE16NW
Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: YORYM
Created: 9 years ago
Updated: 9 years ago

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