SUR-5DBDA8: Medieval: Silver and jet pendant

Rights Holder: Surrey County Council
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PENDANT

Unique ID: SUR-5DBDA8

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

A silver pendant of pear-shaped form, now missing its attachment loop. The backplate is slightly pinked and the sides have double bands of cable-twist edging. Silver teeth hold a black stone, almost certainly jet, which has been carved into the form of a scallop shell with a centrally-projecting standing bearded figure probably intended to represent St James. The feet and upper head of the figure are broken off. A circular hole transversely pierces the jet behind the head of the figure and may have been intended for suspension before the stone was mounted.

Discussion: Two similar pendants of silver and jet have been declared under the Treasure Act; both are smaller (each about 18mm long) and of silver-gilt. 2009T723 is from Lowick, Northamptonshire and 2012T122 is from Reigate, in Surrey. The Lowick example also has a central figure; the jet from Reigate is damaged but may have been similar. A more elaborate, unprovenanced, example is in the Victoria and Albert Museum (Mus. No. A.16-1953) and a 17th century date is suggested for this example.

This group of three pendants is clearly associated with the shrine of Santiago de Compostela and it seems likely that the jet originates from Asturias in northern Spain where it may have been carved.

Notes:

This item is more than 300 years old and composed of more than 10% precious metal. It therefore should be considered Treasure under the terms of the Treasure Act 1996.

Subsequent actions

Current location of find: British Museum
Subsequent action after recording: Acquired by museum after being declared Treasure

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2012T594

Chronology

Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Subperiod to: Early
Period to: POST MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1400
Date to: Exactly AD 1550

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 28.66 mm
Width: 22.79 mm
Thickness: 11.21 mm
Weight: 8.25 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Thursday 30th August 2012

Personal details

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Other reference numbers

Other reference: 12-945A
Treasure case number: 2012T594
Museum accession number: 2013,8026.1

Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Secondary material: Jet or Shale
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Surrey (County)
District: Tandridge (District)
Parish or ward: Bletchingley (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TQ3251
Four figure Latitude: 51.242912
Four figure longitude: -0.110317
1:25K map: TQ3251
1:10K map: TQ35SW
Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Current location: British Museum
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SUR
Created: 9 years ago
Updated: 8 years ago

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