BH-7CACC1: Roman Lion bow derivative brooch

Rights Holder: St. Albans District Council
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Unique ID: BH-7CACC1

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A copper-alloy Lion bow derivative brooch of early Roman date.

The spring is contained within a horizontally aligned, open-ended cylinder, the (possibly complete) wire pin projecting from a central slit. The top of the bow comprises a bow-shaped moulding which increases in height towards the bottom, where the flat underside forms a right angle with the lower bow/foot. This latter element consists of a trapezoidal plate which flares towards the bottom. The catchplate is located on the underside of this plate, and has a rolled top edge. The upper surface of the brooch displays traces of silvering or tinning.

Dimensions: 32.6mm high, 18.3mm wide. Weight: 5.17g.

Similar brooches are illustrated by Hattatt (1987: fig. 17, nos. 778, 780 and 781), who states that they are mainly found on the Continent, centred around Gaul, with examples in surrounding countries. Hattatt also states that of the forty or so known examples from Britain, those with provenances have been found in south-eastern England and are, he postulates, pre-invasion arrivals (ibid. 45). The 36 examples to date recorded on the PAS database show a more general distribution over central, eastern and south-eastern England.

Class: Lion bow derivative

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: ROMAN
Subperiod from: Early
Period from: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 1
Date to: Circa AD 50

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Height: 32.6 mm
Width: 18.3 mm
Weight: 5.17 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Friday 1st June 2012

Personal details

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Other reference numbers

Other reference: Ver 12/105 - 46

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: Eastern (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Central Bedfordshire (Unitary Authority)
District: Central Bedfordshire (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: North of Dunstable

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

Author Publication Year Title Publication Place Publisher Pages Reference
Hattatt, R. 1987 Brooches of Antiquity: a third selection of brooches from the author's collection Oxford Oxbow Books

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: BH
Created: 10 years ago
Updated: 10 years ago

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