LVPL-9BCE31: Roman trumpet brooch

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BROOCH

Unique ID: LVPL-9BCE31

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

Cast silver trumpet brooch from the Roman period, dating to c. 1st to 2nd centuries AD. The trumpet brooch has a typical oval head shape. The brooch is a hinged example. The hinge and pin are missing. The lug which held the pin remains at the back of the head. The head is decorated with a vertical central ridge divided with three grooves. The ridge expands at the top into a C-shape and at the base into two circles, each containing a pellet. To each side of the central ridge is an inverted S-shaped ridge containing a large pellet in each curve at the top and a pellet where the curve begins. The circumferential border around the head of the brooch is decorated with an undulating ridge.

The bow arches out from the head and tapers towards the foot. The bow is sub-oval in cross-section. The bow is decorated with a petalled waist moulding, below and above which are two transverse mouldings within which are a series of vertical ridges. The central transverse ridge of the waist moulding is decorated with an undulating ridge. A vertical ridge decorates the centre and each edge of the leg of the brooch. Each half of the leg is decorated with continuous sub-oval moulding within which is a gilded pellet.

The foot is rounded and almost complete. Above the foot are ten pellets running around the object above which is a band decorated with vertical grooves. The catchplate is incomplete. The flat side of the catchplate is decorated with two incised circles within which is an incised 'V'. On the outer curve of the catchplate is an incised zig-zag.

The recesses between the raised mouldings on the brooch are all gilded. The object is in good condition. Similar examples can be found on p327, Hattatt, (2000). The brooch can be dated from 75-175AD.

This brooch was discovered with a Roman coin hoard, Treasure case 2012 T406. A larger very similar brooch which was part of the hoard is Oakden, V (2012) LVPL-180D95 A ROMAN BROOCH Webpage available at: http://finds.org.uk/database/artefacts/record/id/508627.

Notes:

This object was found as part of Treasure Case 2012 T406, consisting of 101 Roman silver coins of the denomination known as a denarius (plural denarii ) and 2 copper alloy coins of the denomination known as a sestertius (plural sestertii). The earliest coin in the group is a legionary denarius of Mark Antony (issued c. 32BC-31BC) and the latest a denarius of Commodus dated to AD 190-191. The chronological spread is thus consistent with a hoard of late second century date. Also included in the hoard are 3 Roman trumpet brooches, two rosettes, two silver finger rings and ceramics.

On the balance of probabilities, we conclude that this hoard of constitutes a prima facie case of treasure under the terms of the Treasure Act (1996), by being part of a group of precious metal coins and objects of the same find.

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: Potential for inclusion in Britannia

Class: Trumpet
Sub class: Hull Type 157C; Bayley and Butcher, group D (2004, 163)

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2012T406

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 75
Date to: Circa AD 175

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 55.79 mm
Width: 15.55 mm
Thickness: 12.83 mm
Weight: 23.3 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Wednesday 6th June 2012

Personal details

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Other reference numbers

Treasure case number: 2012T406

Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Incomplete
Surface Treatment: Gilded

Spatial metadata

Region: North West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Cheshire East (Unitary Authority)
District: Cheshire East (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: knutsford

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: GPS (From FLO)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Discovery circumstances: Found while metal detecting
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: LVPL
Created: 9 years ago
Updated: 2 years ago

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