WILT-12B9D2: Middle Bronze Age torc

Rights Holder: Salisbury and South Wiltshire Museum
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Unique ID: WILT-12B9D2

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

A Middle Bronze Age copper alloy spiral-twisted torc dating in the Taunton period (1400-1250BC). It measures 211mm widthways, 193mm longways and is max.14.95mm thick. It weighs 537g, to the nearest 1g.

The main body of the torc is square in section with accentuated edges and twisted rather tightly (the torc comprises 29 twists). It is thickest at the centre (14.95x13.78mm) and narrows on either side to 10.33x10.24mm and 10.18x10.49mm. From here the plain, circular-sectioned and flat-ended terminals extend, 9.58mm and 9.36mm in diameter, narrowing to 8.10mm and 8.46mm. Both flat ends are slightly concave with a circular depression at the centre, c.3mm in diameter. The torc is fashioned in such a way so that one end lies inside the circle of the torc as created by the other end.

The patina is smooth, shiny and a light green-blue in colour, but with some pitting and areas of brighter blue corrosion, suggesting it could be quite active.

A similar torc, but smaller and with hooked terminals, can be found in the Durnford Hoard (Salisbury Museum collections).

Adam Gwilt, curator, National Museum of Wales, comments: 'Looking at Ben Roberts's article (PPS 73, 2007) on Ornaments in Britain 1400-1100BC, his listing and distribution maps show that earlier bronze pre-cursors to gold torcs do tend to cluster across parts of southern and eastern England. The Durnford hoard is included in his catalogue and Wiltshire is within his Zone B with tendencies towards frequent gold and bronze spiral twisted torcs'.

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: County / local importance

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: BRONZE AGE
Subperiod from: Middle
Period from: BRONZE AGE
Date from: Circa 1400 BC
Date to: Circa 1250 BC

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 193 mm
Width: 211 mm
Thickness: 14.95 mm
Weight: 537 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 1st January 2012 - Thursday 22nd March 2012

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Katie Hinds
Identified by: Ms Katie Hinds
Secondary identifier:

Other reference numbers

Other reference: Salisbury Museum Entry Form 3824

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: South West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: Warminster

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: Centred on parish
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Operations to a depth less than 0.25 m

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: WILT
Created: 6 years ago
Updated: 5 years ago

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