HESH-302060: Neolithic: Chisel

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
CC License:

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
CC License:

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
CC License:

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Unique ID: HESH-302060

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A tranchet chisel struck on a tertiary flake of mid brownish grey coloured flint. The artefact is very regular and well made it is likely to be of prehistoric date: Neolithic - Bronze Age (3500-1800 BC). A direct parallel for such a specialist tool has not been found. The chisel is a triangular (wedge) shape in plan and rectangular in cross section. On the ventral face conchoidal ripples can be seen - from this the direction of the initial rough out blow can be identified; this is at right angles to the work on the dorsal face. The two long edges are near vertical and cleaved , on one face the blow has been directly downwards, whilst the other it is knapped along the length of the blade / the blow coming from the pointed tip. The dorsal face has a transverse blow which has created a tranchet like flake / removal to sharpen the blade. On the edge of this removal is a further flake in a different direction suggesting that the blade has either been resharpened, of the tranchet flake was not initially successful at creating a sharp edge across the whole blade. The cutting edge has been resharpened with direct percussion / slight pressure flaking that has removed very small flakes creating a sharper edge. Slight retouch can also be seen at the top of the flake (apex of triangle) where the edges have been shaped slightly.

This type of artefact is unusual and has not been seen by the recorder within an assemblage from the Marches. The flint is a similar type to that seen from Marches assemblages, being a mid brownish grey with slight white mottling, although there are not the more obvious flaws which are common - suggesting that this artefact has been deliberately made on a good piece of flint.

The find has been photographed and a line drawing of flake removals has been added to give a more detailed - augmented view.

The chisel measures 29.00 mm length, 13.4mm width is 7.5mm thick and weighs 2.22 grams

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: County / local importance

Class: Tranchet

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: NEOLITHIC
Period from: NEOLITHIC
Subperiod to: Early
Period to: BRONZE AGE
Date from: Circa 3500 BC
Date to: Circa 1800 BC

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 29 mm
Width: 13.4 mm
Thickness: 7.5 mm
Weight: 2.22 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Peter Reavill
Identified by: Mr Peter Reavill

Other reference numbers

Other reference: HFD Entry Form No: HFDMG 2281

Materials and construction

Primary material: Flint
Manufacture method: Knapped/flaked
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: County of Herefordshire (Unitary Authority)
District: County of Herefordshire (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: Canon Pyon

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Operations to a depth greater than 0.25m

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: HESH
Created: 7 years ago
Updated: 7 months ago

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