DENO-938F91: Early Medieval Gold Ingot (Hack Gold)

Rights Holder: Derby Museums Trust
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Unique ID: DENO-938F91

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

TREASURE CASE 2012 T108: Probably Early Medieval (Viking) gold ingot/hack gold, dated to the mid 8th to mid 11th Centuries, AD. C.750-1050. The ingot is roughly sub-rectangular in section and tongue-shaped in plan. The edges between the flat lengthways faces of the ingot are bevelled. This bevelling is wider along two of the edges, giving the ingot a slightly arched appearance in cross-section. One end of the ingot appears complete and is rounded, with slight undulations to the surface noticeable. The opposite end of the ingot appears incomplete with the break consisting of a smooth slice or hack for approximately half of the face and then the face appears sheared, as if the ingot had been scored and then broken.

Discussion: Although gold ingots are traditionally difficult to date out of context they are often attributed to a Viking date. The Vikings had a bullion economy where the purity and weight of the metal were more important than the form. Although this bullion economy primarily utilised silver it did also include gold. This particular ingot was found in close proximity to a silver Thor's hammer pendant (Treasure case 2011 T805) in an area of known mid-late Anglo-Saxon and Viking era activity.

Dimensions: Thickness: 5.11mm Width: 4.21mm Length: 12.78mm Weight: 2.9g (0.1oz)

As the object is more than 10% precious metal and more than 300 years old, it fulfils the requirements of the 1996 Treasure Act.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Acquired by museum after being declared Treasure

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2012T108


Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Middle
Subperiod to: Late
Date from: Circa AD 750
Date to: Circa AD 1050

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 12.78 mm
Width: 4.21 mm
Thickness: 5.11 mm
Weight: 2.9 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 1st January 2012 - Sunday 5th February 2012

Personal details

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Other reference numbers

Other reference: Derby E7599 2012 T108
Treasure case number: 2012T108

Materials and construction

Primary material: Gold
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Uncertain

Spatial metadata

Region: East Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Lincolnshire (County)
District: West Lindsey (District)
To be known as: Torksey Area

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Discovery circumstances: In association with a York Uni Research Project into the Torksey Area
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: DENO
Created: 10 years ago
Updated: 8 years ago

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