Our images can be used under a CC BY attribution licence (unless stated otherwise).
Unique ID: WILT-FE8512
Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published
Description: An Anglo-Saxon silver penny of Edward the Confessor (1042-66), Expanding Cross type, Heavy coinage (early 1050s). The coin has been gilded, and pierced four times close to the edge, from the obverse to the reverse. On the obverse, the holes are arranged at 1, 5, 7 and 11 o'clock and three contain an iron rivet. The die axis is 12.
The positioning of the holes suggests that this coin may have been attached to cloth or leather as a dress accessory to display the reverse cross. However, other coins of this type (and of the broader late Anglo-Saxon and early Norman period) are known to have been mounted as brooches/badges. There are various forms of pin attachment, amongst which are a hinged pin and catch-plate, each attached with two rivets. Although there appears to be no impression from such fittings, the similarity to other pieces makes this a likely interpretation. [i] Although a single coin would not normally constitute Treasure, there are numerous precedents of coins showing secondary treatment as ornaments as objects rather than coins, and therefore as potential Treasure under the terms of the Treasure Act (1996).
Obverse: Diademed bust left; in front, sceptre with a trefoil head
+[E]DW[E]R D RE[
Reverse: Short cross voided with expanding limbs joined at the base by two circles
+[ ]LFPIN[E ] [O]N [PIL]TV:
Date: Early 1050s
Reference: North 823
Dimensions and metal content: The object measures 19.69mm in diameter and weighs 1.89g (29.1 grains). Coins of this period routinely have a high silver content, far in excess of the 10% threshold stipulated by the Act. Although the presence of the iron rivets lowers the overall percentage of silver, they are too small to bring the total silver content below 10%, while the gilding enhances the precious metal content.
Consequently, in terms of age and precious metal content, the object qualifies as Treasure under the stipulations of the Treasure Act (1996).
[i] Williams, G, 'Coin-brooches of Edward the Confessor and William I', BNJ 71 (2001), 60-70; Williams, G, 'More Anglo-Saxon and Norman coin-brooches', BNJ 76 (2006), 337-39.
This is a find of note and has been designated: County / local importance
Evidence of reuse: Four piercings
Subsequent action after recording: Acquired by museum after being declared Treasure
Treasure case tracking number: 2012T81
Weight: 1.89 g
Diameter: 19.69 mm
Date(s) of discovery: Friday 27th January 2012
This information is restricted for your access level.
Treasure case number: 2012T81
Ruler/issuer: Edward the Confessor
Mint or issue place: Wilton Castle
Category: Coin of the kings of All England 924/5-1066
Type: N 823 (Expanding cross, heavy)
Obverse description: Diademed bust left; in front, sceptre with a trefoil head
Obverse inscription: +[E]DW[E]R D RE[
Reverse description: Short cross voided with expanding limbs joined at the base by two circles
Reverse inscription: +[ ]LFPIN[E ] [O]N [PIL]TV:
Die axis measurement: 12 o'clock
Grid reference source: Generated from computer mapping software
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.
|Author||Publication Year||Title||Publication Place||Publisher||Pages||Reference|
|North, J.J.||1994||English Hammered Coinage: Volume I. Early Anglo-Saxon to Henry III, c. 600-1272||London||Spink and Son Ltd||823|