WILT-858685: Middle Bronze Age Palstave

Rights Holder: Salisbury and South Wiltshire Museum
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PALSTAVE

Unique ID: WILT-858685

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A Middle Bronze Age (1250-1100 BC) copper alloy Transitional Palstave axehead of Type Roundhay, Midribbed Variant (Schmidt & Burgess, 1981, The Axes of Scotland and Northern England, plate 64 and 65, cf no.884).

The axehead is 151.51mm in length with a maximum width (at the cutting edge) of 41.29mm. Its thickest point is at the stop, 30.58mm. It weighs c.370g (to the nearest 10g).

The butt end is straight and slightly more worn on one corner. The stop is c.71mm from the butt end and the flanges would have been highest at this point, but they are damaged (from the plough). The stop ridge has a slight lip but is not obtrusive (as on Late Palstaves). Below the stop the blade is narrow, measuring 23.29mm in width and gently flaring to an expanded and curved cutting edge, 41.42mm wide. Extending from the stop along the centre of the blade is a prominent rounded midrib, tapering out over just over half of the length of the blade.

The sides of the axehead have been smoothed down so the casting flashes are only just detectable. One side has a D-shaped loop close to the stop with corresponding piercing, 31.98x9.52mm (internal 8.92x5.32mm).

Much of the original patina survives as black in colour, between the flanges and either side of the midrib especially. It is missing from the more prominent areas.

Type Roundhay is associated with the Penard phase (the latest of the Middle Bronze Age phases) which dates to 1250-1100 BC.

Class: Transitional

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: BRONZE AGE
Subperiod from: Middle
Period from: BRONZE AGE
Date from: Circa 1250 BC
Date to: Circa 1100 BC

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 151.51 mm
Width: 41.29 mm
Thickness: 30.58 mm
Weight: 370 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Tuesday 6th September 2011 - Tuesday 1st November 2011

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Katie Hinds
Identified by: Ms Katie Hinds

Other reference numbers

Other reference: Salisbury Museum Entry Form 3782

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: South West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: Heytesbury

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Operations to a depth less than 0.25 m

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: WILT
Created: 6 years ago
Updated: 6 years ago

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