WILT-D08E16: Post-Medieval coin : 'Gun money' Sixpence of James II

Rights Holder: Salisbury and South Wiltshire Museum
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COIN

Unique ID: WILT-D08E16

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An Early Post-Medieval Irish Sixpence ('Gun money') of James II, measuring 20mm with a die axis of 12. The coins is corroded and very worn, particularly on the obverse.

Obverse: Laureate draped bust left
IACOBVS II [DEI GRATIA]
Reverse: VI over crown, crossed sceptres behind, Sep below, flanked by I R
MAG BR [FRA ET H]IB RE[X 1689]

Mint: Dublin/Limerick

Date: 1689, September

Reference: Seaby 6583e

As discussed in other database records (eg. WMID-B4F361), during 1689 and 1690, James II operated a military campaign in Ireland from where he planned to mount an invasion of England, having been deposed by Mary and William of Orange. During this time, copper alloy emergency coinage was issued by James II to pay the troops. It was intended that this coinage would be redeemed when James II regained the English throne.

In "The Coins of Scotland, Ireland and the Islands" (Seaby, 1984, p.166) it is noted that the coins were made of brass or latten from old cannon, bells and other scrap metal and were called "Brass Money", though they later became known as "Gunmoney coins". The coins include the year of issue and a nominal month - in this case September - so they could be redeemed in stages over a period of time. The coins also include their value - in this case VI (six pence).

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Early
Period from: POST MEDIEVAL
Period to: POST MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1689
Date to: Circa AD 1689

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Diameter: 20 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Wednesday 31st August 2011 - Wednesday 28th September 2011

Personal details

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Other reference numbers

Other reference: SMAG DD05

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Complete

Coin data (numismatics)

Obverse description: Laureate draped bust left
Obverse inscription: IACOBVS II [DEI GRATIA]
Reverse description: VI over crown, crossed sceptres behind, Sep below, flanked by I R
Reverse inscription: MAG BR [FRA ET H]IB RE[X 1689]
Die axis measurement: 12 o'clock

Coin references

No coin references available.

Spatial metadata

Region: South West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Swindon (Unitary Authority)
District: Swindon (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: Swindon

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: Generated from computer mapping software
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: WILT
Created: 10 years ago
Updated: 6 years ago

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