HESH-008D14: Iron Age: Linch Terminal

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
CC License:

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
CC License:

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
CC License:

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
CC License:

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
CC License:

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
CC License:

Image use policy

Our images can be used under a CC BY attribution licence (unless stated otherwise).


Unique ID: HESH-008D14

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A near complete cast copper alloy composite linch pin terminal of probable later Iron Age or early Roman date 100 BC - 120 AD. The style of the artefact would suggest a pre Roman date 100 BC - 80AD. The terminal is complete, although abraded and waisted by corrosion and movement in the ploughsoil. Linch pins are composite; in this example the iron pin and foot are both missing; what survives is the decorated socketed terminal and a small section of the iron pin.

The terminal is irregular in plan, profile and section. The upper part consists of an irregular circlet with an incomplete multi-armed / triskele openwork swirl. This decoration seems to be cast rather than cut and the base is incomplete due to a break possibly caused by a casting flaw. This break has removed one of the curled arms which are spaced irregularly around the internal face. The external ring has an irregular hexagonal (faceted oval) section.. The lower part comprises a D sectioned rectangular element (barrel shaped) which is decorated with moulded collars above and below. This lower element is socketed and the remains of a sub-rectangular iron shaft extends below the fitting terminating in a corroded break. The external faces of the socket are decorated with a simple geometric pattern consisting of opposing diagonal double lines forming a triangular or zig-zag. This pattern is contained within the double moulded collars. None of the decoration extends onto the rear surface which is flat and not decorated. The terminal is a mid greenish brown colour with a well preserved polished but encrusted patina. A direct parallel for this has not been found. However, it is broadly conforms to the more elaborate linch pin terminals from the later Iron age, the geometrical stylised decoration on the socket element maybe more suggestive of a early Roman date.

The linch pin measures: 46.6mm length, is 26.6mm wide and 4.9mm thick across the upper ring, 14.2mm wide and 19.2mm thick across lower socketed piece. The iron pin measures 12.6mm x 6.6mm. The linch pin weighs 29.67 grams.

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: County / local importance

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: IRON AGE
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: IRON AGE
Subperiod to: Early
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa 100 BC
Date to: Circa AD 80

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 46.6 mm
Width: 26 mm
Thickness: 19.2 mm
Weight: 29.67 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Peter Reavill
Identified by: Mr Peter Reavill

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Secondary material: Iron
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Shropshire (Unitary Authority)
District: Shropshire (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: Myddle

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

References cited

No references cited so far.

Similar objects

Find number: HESH-52C5E5
Object type: LINCH PIN
Broadperiod: IRON AGE
A cast copper alloy terminal, probably from a composite linch pin, of later Iron Age or early Roman date c.100 BC - 120 AD. The terminal is c…
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Find number: HESH-C02892
Broadperiod: IRON AGE
An unidentified cast copper alloy artefact of potential late Iron Age – Roman date (100 BC – 250 AD). The fragment is made from a heavily …
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Find number: SWYOR-820823
Object type: LINCH PIN
Broadperiod: IRON AGE
A cast copper-alloy Iron Age linch pin terminal, which is the foot of the pin. The socketed part of the foot is broken, leaving only a shall…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: HESH
Created: 7 years ago
Updated: 7 years ago

Other formats: this page is available as qrcode json xml geojson pdf rdf representations.