LEIC-6AF276: early medieval brooch -close up

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Rights Holder: Leicestershire County Council
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Rights Holder: Wendy Scott
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Unique ID: LEIC-6AF276

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

Early Medieval copper-alloy brooch, 26mm long, 24mm wide and 1mm thick (9mm thick at lug). The object is in fair condition and weighs 8.32grams. The object consists of a rectangular plate with a raised border containing a Mammen-style design. This shows a bird facing right with a curving long, swollen body (possibly striped?) and a long ribbon-like neck with a small round head. The head is facing downwards in front of the body and contains an almond shaped eye. Extending out from behind the body are two overlapping wings, each formed ot two double contoured tendrils. These are contained within a loop formed of a double-contoured head lappet, which arches downwards from the rear of the head to interlace with its body and wings before terminating in an open-ended tendril behind the head. Below the head, in the bottom right corner, is an upturned angled foot. The reverse of the object contains the remains of a semi-circular pin housing with a central hole and a broken off catchplate, with a patch of iron corrosion between.

Mammen-style decoration is rare in Britain and this brooch is only one of three rectangular brooches known in England, the other two being from West Stow Heath, Suffolk and Bergh Apton Norfolk (Kershaw 2010, nos. 491 and 492; Kershaw 2013, 116-8, fig. 3.68). It is a type which has Carolingian-inspired shapes and Scandinavian decoration, which seem to have been produced in the Danelaw (J. Kershaw, pers.comm). This object extends the distribution significantly to the North. The date of these brooches is thought to be late 10th century (Kershaw 2013, 151)

Published in Medieval Archaeology Vol. 56, 2012, Kershaw, J. & Scott, W. p.312-3.


A fourth example with findspot listed as East Anglia appeared in 2015 and a fifth, with a find spot given as Cambridgeshire appeared on e-bay in Jan. 2016. To view all known examples go to http://travellingnorth.nl/Viking-artefacts/Anglo-Scandinavian-Viking-bronze-mount-in-Mammen-style%20.html

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: Include in MedArch

Class: Mammen style

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Late
Subperiod to: Late
Ascribed Culture: Anglo-Scandinavian
Date from: Circa AD 950
Date to: Circa AD 1000

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 26 mm
Width: 24 mm
Thickness: 1 mm
Weight: 8.32 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Wendy Scott
Identified by: Wendy Scott
Secondary identifier: Dr Jane Kershaw

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: East Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Lincolnshire (County)
District: West Lindsey (District)
Parish or ward: Linwood (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TF1286
Four figure Latitude: 53.359022
Four figure longitude: -0.318558
1:25K map: TF1286
1:10K map: TF18NW
Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: LEIC
Created: 7 years ago
Updated: 8 months ago

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