IOW-C0C054: Bronze Age Gold Flanged- twisted Torc. Treasure case no. 2011 T501

Rights Holder: Isle of Wight Council
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TORC

Unique ID: IOW-C0C054

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

A Bronze Age gold flanged- twisted torc fragment can be dated typologically to the Taunton (c. 1400-1250 BC), more probably the Penard (c. 1300-1150 BC), metalwork phases of the Middle Bronze Age. Treasure case no. 2011 T501.

The coiled flanges have a regular spacing although are slightly tighter on one end. Both ends have been cut and as a result the flanges were crushed and are flattened. The profile is slightly curved. The rim on the flanges has marks and is flattened in some areas. Possible traces of repair between flanges.


Length: 40.76 mm, Maximum Thickness: 6.71 mm, Weight: 7.0 g.


The gold flange twisted torc can be dated typologically to the Taunton (c. 1400-1250 BC), more probably the Penard (c. 1300-1150 BC), metalwork phases of the Middle Bronze Age (Roberts 2007). Gold working in Britain at this time is dominated by the casting of bars and ribbons and techniques as twisting and flange twisting (Murgia et al 2011). Although so far there are no other objects of the same type in the Isle of Wight, similar torcs were found in Hampshire in Christchurch, Blackwater (Taylor 1980 Ha 2; Eogan 1967 n. 41) and in Ropley (Taylor 1980 Ha 6; Eogan 1967 n.43). Gold flanged twisted torcs finds are concentrated in East Anglia, southwest and southeast England with around 8 torcs having been found in each region. They are present in smaller numbers in Wales and into northern and central Britain (Roberts 2007).
The objects qualify as Treasure under the stipulations of the Treasure Act (1996) (Designation Order 2002).


Bibliography:
Eogan, G. 1967. The associated finds of gold bar torcs. Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland 98 (2), 129-75.


Murgia, A., Melkonian, M. & Roberts, B.W. forthcoming b. European Bronze Age Gold in the British Museum. London: Online Research Catalogue.

Roberts, B.W. 2007. Adorning the Living but Not the Dead: Understanding Ornaments in Britain c. 1400-1100 cal BC. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 73, p.135-167.

Taylor, J.J. 1980. Bronze Age Goldwork of the British Isles. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: County / local importance

Class: Flange-twisted

Subsequent actions

Current location of find: Returned to finder, 11/10/2012
Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder after being disclaimed as Treasure

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2011T501

Chronology

Broad period: BRONZE AGE
Subperiod from: Middle
Period from: BRONZE AGE
Subperiod to: Middle
Period to: BRONZE AGE
Date from: Circa 1300 BC
Date to: Circa 1150 BC

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 40.76 mm
Weight: 7 g
Diameter: 6.71 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 28th August 2011

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Frank Basford
Identified by: Mr Frank Basford
Secondary identifier: Mr Ben Roberts

Other reference numbers

Other reference: IOW2011-1-403; Treasure case no. 2011 T501
Treasure case number: 2011T501

Materials and construction

Primary material: Gold
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Fragment

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Isle of Wight (Unitary Authority)
District: Isle of Wight (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: Shorwell

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
Discovery circumstances: Club rally
Current location: Returned to finder, 11/10/2012
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Operations to a depth greater than 0.25m

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: IOW
Created: 7 years ago
Updated: 6 years ago

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