WILT-E2AE41: Roman bow brooch

Rights Holder: Salisbury and South Wiltshire Museum
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BROOCH

Unique ID: WILT-E2AE41

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

An incomplete Early Anglo-Saxon copper-alloy supporting-arm brooch, missing its spring mechanism and pin. It measures 42.86mm in length and weighs 8.05g, and dates to c. 420-c. 480 AD.

The wings are flat with damaged D-shaped side lugs, which would have held the axis bar; the wings are 20.34mm wide. The top of the wings then is open to expose the missing spring.

The bow curves out below a headplate consisting of a ledge projecting forward from either end of the wings, then narrows to 5.03mm widebefore widening slightly towards the lower bow (5.75mm wide), then again at the foot (6.48mm), flaring to 7.38mm where it projects forwards (c.4mm). The catchplate extends behind this portion c.9mm and runs down to the base of the foot.

The brooch is decorated with two pairs of transverse grooves below the head, and another pair of transverse grooves before the foot (so two pairs of grooves at either end of the bow). Between are two very faint vertical grooves. The foot is decorated with a transverse groove at the top and a pair just before it kicks outwards at the base. The grooves retain traces of a black substance, possibly just the original patina.

Supporting-arm brooches were divided into two types by Bohme (1974) summarised in English by Evison (1977). This brooch belongs to his Typ Perlberg, with narrower head and foot.

Class: supporting arm

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Early
Period from: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod to: Early
Period to: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 420
Date to: Circa AD 480

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 42.86 mm
Width: 20.34 mm
Weight: 8.05 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Saturday 1st January 2011 - Wednesday 18th May 2011

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Katie Hinds
Identified by: Dr Justine Bayley
Secondary identifier: Dr Helen Geake

Other reference numbers

Other reference: WHM 344

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: South West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: East Wiltshire

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: Generated from computer mapping software
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: WILT
Created: 7 years ago
Updated: 5 months ago

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