SWYOR-421C84: Post Medieval French Copper Alloy Jetton

Rights Holder: West Yorkshire Archaeology Advisory Service
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JETTON

Unique ID: SWYOR-421C84

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A copper alloy French jetton or reckoning counter dating from the late Medieval or early Post Medieval period, about 1497 - 1521 AD. The jetton was struck in Tournai under the authority of Louis XII or Francis I.

The jetton shows the three circles badge of Tournai on the obverse and a cross patty on the reverse. The legends are illegible and the jetton has been over cleaned. Compare Mitchiner numbers 747 - 763.

A jetton is a reckoning counter used in the calculation of accounts. They are most commonly made of copper or brass; but also silver (especially 17th century and after) and very rarely gold. The word jetton comes from the French verb "jeter," used in the sense of "to push," because the counters were pushed over the reckoning board (used like an abacus) during the calculations. The reckoning board was a chequered board or cloth like a chess board (which is where we get the phrase Chancellor of the Exchequer). Jettons are always decorated. These decorations had a purpose, sometimes religious, but usually related to the user or the principality. In the 16th century, jettons were mostly used to propagate political messages and to glorify the deeds of the ruler. There was such a great need to broadcast propaganda through jettons that they continued to be struck long after jettons ceased to be used as counters.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
Period from: POST MEDIEVAL
Period to: POST MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1497
Date to: Circa AD 1521

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Thickness: 1.5 mm
Weight: 6.42 g
Diameter: 27.12 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Tuesday 22nd March 2011 - Tuesday 22nd March 2011

Personal details

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Other reference numbers

Other reference: PAS form number 1445

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Complete

Jetton/ token data

Issuer: Anonymous stock
Denomination: Jetton
Obverse description: Three circles of Tournai, with a symbol in each circle and in each angle between the circles.
Obverse inscription: Illegible
Reverse description: Short cross patty with a flower in each angle
Reverse inscription: Illegible
Degree of wear: Very worn: fair

Spatial metadata

Region: Yorkshire and the Humber (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Leeds (Metropolitan District)
District: Leeds (Metropolitan District)
Parish or ward: Temple Newsam (Metropolitan District Ward)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SE3432
Four figure Latitude: 53.78322121
Four figure longitude: -1.48547937
1:25K map: SE3432
1:10K map: SE33SW
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Chance find during metal detecting
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SWYOR
Created: 11 years ago
Updated: 3 years ago

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