SF-178685: Anglo-Saxon cruciform brooch

Rights Holder: Suffolk County Council
CC License:

Rights Holder: Suffolk County Council
CC License:

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Unique ID: SF-178685

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A cast copper-alloy early Anglo-Saxon cruciform brooch. It is missing its pin and has slight damage to the catchplate due to old breaks but is otherwise intact. The headplate is rectangular in form with a slightly curved section that curves downwards/backwards towards the sides. At the top of the headplate is an interally cast fully round knop with globular head that has a circumferential groove, narrow waist and transverse collar with incised groove at the base. The front face of the headplate has punched decoration comprising a central ring and dot motif, formed of four concentric circles, with smaller ring and dot motifs in each corner. On the back face extensive corrosion and encrustation is visible and obscures the pin lug and remains of the pin. The bow is steeply curved in profile with flat back face and faceted front face. At the top and bottom are flattened rectangular panels with incised doubler transverse grooves. The front face of the bow is faceted with a central vertical rib flanked by incised vertical grooves and single vertical grooves at either edge. The foot of the brooch is D-shaped in section with a flat back fac and moulded front face with zoomorphic terminal. At its top the foot has a flat rectangular panel with double incised transverse grooves at the base. Beneath this the foot is faceted above a moulded collar that has double transverse ridges with grooves above, below and between. The terminal end of the foot is zoomorphic in the form of an elongated horse's head with prominent, projecting circular eyes, a central ridge for the snout and semi-circular mouldings at the base representing nostrils. On the back face of the foot is an integrally cast catchplate that is flat, rectangular in form with curved/folded outer edge that has a vertical crack due to post-depositional damage but appears intact. The entire object measures 83.76mm in length, 20.17mm in width at headplate, 13.96mm in width at bow, 5.54mm in thickness at bow, and weighs 32.01g.

This is a near complete Anglo-Saxon cruciform brooch. It finds parallels in terms of the decorative elements on the headplate in other examples from Suffolk (West, 1998: no. 51.6; SF-E98CC4) and in the Ashmolean (MacGregor and Bolick, 1993: no. 12.7). The small size of the headplate and integral, fully round knob, indicate an early date for the brooch, probably in the 5th century AD.

Class: cruciform

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Early
Subperiod to: Early
Ascribed Culture: Anglo-Saxon
Date from: Circa AD 400
Date to: Circa AD 500

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 83.76 mm
Width: 20.17 mm
Thickness: 5.54 mm
Weight: 32.01 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Friday 1st April 2011

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Dr Andrew Brown
Identified by: Dr Andrew Brown

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: Eastern (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Suffolk (County)
District: Suffolk Coastal (District)
To be known as: Near Woodbridge

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: Generated from computer mapping software
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SF
Created: 7 years ago
Updated: About one year ago

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