FASAM-FCD3A2: Anarevitos gold stater Cantii South Eastern

Rights Holder: The British Museum
CC License:


Image use policy

Our images can be used under a CC BY attribution licence (unless stated otherwise).

COIN

Unique ID: FASAM-FCD3A2

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

Gold stater of Anarevitos(?) of Kent, c. 10 BC - AD 20. Unique and unpublished.

Obv. Crossed wreath design, with opposed central crescents; EPPI inscription

Rev. Horseman right; ANA (or AVA) above (AN/AV monogram) and REVITO below

Weight: 5.43gms; Diameter: 19.3mm

This is a completely unique coin offering the first evidence of a British Iron Age ruler or king called Anarevito(s) or Avarevito(s). The obverse is inscribed EPPI (Eppillus), who is known from other coins (ABC 384-429; 1145-78), while the reverse inscription refers to a figure unattested in the Roman historical sources and by early coin finds. The style of the coin, and the association with Eppillus, suggest that Anarevito(s) ruled in Kent between about 10 BC-AD 20.

Comparisons with contemporary gold staters suggest that where two individuals are named on a coin, it is the person on the reverse who was the primary issuing authority, with the obverse legend usually an expression of their lineage.

In his account of the invasions of Britain in 55/54 BC, Julius Caesar refers to the four kings of Kent, suggesting that the area was divided into a number of smaller kingdoms. It is usually considered that these quickly amalgamated, to form the 'Cantii' or 'Cantiaci', before falling under the influence of powerful kings from other parts of south-eastern England, most notably Cunobelin (c. AD 10-40). Several other new Kentish rulers have come to light in the last 15 years, indicating that the area may have remained divided into separate kingdoms well into the first century AD.

(CCI 10.2856)

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: For inclusion in British Numismatic Journal ‘Coin Register’

Subsequent actions

Current location of find: The British Museum
Subsequent action after recording: Acquired by a museum - not a Treasure case

Chronology

Broad period: IRON AGE
Period from: IRON AGE
Period to: IRON AGE
Date from: Circa 10 BC
Date to: Circa AD 20

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Weight: 5.43 g
Diameter: 19.3 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Saturday 4th September 2010

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Dr Sam Moorhead
Identified by: Dr Sam Moorhead
Secondary identifier: Dr Ian Leins

Other reference numbers

Other reference: CCI 10.2856;
Museum accession number: 2011,4037.1

Materials and construction

Primary material: Gold
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Complete

Coin data (numismatics)

Celtic Coin Index Number: 10.2
Denomination: Stater (gold)
Tribe: Cantii
Geographic provenance: British South Eastern
Obverse description: Crossed wreath design, with opposed central crescents
Obverse inscription: EPPI
Reverse description: Horseman right
Reverse inscription: ANA (or AVA) above (AN/AV monogram) and REVITO below
Status: Regular

Coin references

No coin references available.

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Kent (County)
District: Dover (District)
To be known as: Dover region

References cited

No references cited so far.

Similar objects

Find number: KENT-1E4AB8
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: IRON AGE
A copper-alloy Late Iron Age unit of the Kent Region / Cantiaci, struck in the name of Eppillus, dating to the period AD 1-15, 'Eppillus Chari…
Workflow: PublishedFind published

Find number: KENT-758814
Object type: COIN HOARD
Broadperiod: IRON AGE
All four are Iron Age gold quarter staters produced during the century before the Romans invaded southern Britain in AD 43. The earliest (no.…
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Find number: PUBLIC-D68046
Object type: COIN
Broadperiod: IRON AGE
An Iron Age silver unit of Verica, struck in the name of Eppillus dating to the period c. 20 BC to AD 40. Obv: Head right. VIR Rev: Capricorn …
Workflow: Awaiting validationFind awaiting validation

Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: FASAM
Created: 7 years ago
Updated: 7 years ago

Other formats: this page is available as qrcode json xml geojson pdf rdf representations.