LVPL-B02466: Medieval: Shield of France thick (piedfort) jetton

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Unique ID: LVPL-B02466

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Rally ID: 89

A worn struck / hammered copper alloy thick (piedfort) jetton, of the Shield of France type, of Late 15th Century dating.

Obverse: Shield of France bearing 3 complete lis / lys
Obverse inscription: [ ]AVE MARIA G[ ]
Reverse: Triple stranded straight cross fleuretty in 4 arched tressure, with lis / lys at the arches.
Reverse inscription: illegible.
Mitchiner type: #707-711, p 231. No direct comparatives but weight and measurements are comparable.

Diameter: 26.99mm
Thickness: 1.71mm
Weight: 5.7 grams

This style of jetton is considered to be the result of a popularisation of a new method for manual accountancy. This style used a stationary reference 'tree' and two sets of jettons. One set provided stationary reference points against which the calculations were laid out (e.g. shillings - ten shillings, pounds etc). The other set made up the mobile pieces for performing the calculations. Therefore by having two sets (one thick and one thin), it would be possible to easily distinguish the stationary reference jettons (thick, piedfort) from the mobile calculating jettons (thin).

Mictchiner, M. 1988. Jetons, Medalets & Tokens: The Medieval Period and Nuremberg. Vol 1. Seaby, London.


This find was originally recorded at the Combermere Rally in February 2011, but has since been handed in for recording following a club visit.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1400
Date to: Circa AD 1500

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Thickness: 1.71 mm
Weight: 5.7 g
Diameter: 26.99 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 6th February 2011

Rally details.

This object was found at Combermere Abbey 2011

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Miss Teresa Gilmore
Identified by: Miss Teresa Gilmore

Other reference numbers

Other reference: Rally ID: 89

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Complete

Jetton/ token data

Denomination: Jetton
Obverse description: Shield of France, three lys inside
Obverse inscription: [ ] AVE MARIA G[ ]
Reverse description: Triples stranded straight cross fleuretty in 4-arched tressure, with lis / lys in angles
Reverse inscription: Illegible
Degree of wear: Slightly worn: very fine

Spatial metadata

Region: North West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Cheshire East (Unitary Authority)
District: Cheshire East (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: Combermere Rally

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

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Audit data

Recording Institution: LVPL
Created: Tuesday 5th April 2011
Updated: Tuesday 5th April 2011

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