BH-7ACDB2: Early Medieval coin: penny of Ecgberht of Wessex

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COIN

Unique ID: BH-7ACDB2

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

A silver penny of Ecgberht of Wessex (802-839). This would appear to be a previously unrecorded coin type. The obverse is as North's 'Portrait Type', no. 576, minted in Rochester between c. 825 and c. 828. The moneyer is Ethelmod, who is a known moneyer of North 576; however, the reverse image is not as that in 576 (a cross with a wedge in each angle), but is a match for the obverse of North no. 582, a 'Non-portrait Type' of c. 828-c. 839, the form of which is a cross pattee on a cross saltire with a lozenge centre.

The coin is damaged, is missing a small portion and there is some adhering copper corrosion. The surfaces, however, show little sign of wear. The diameter is 19.9mm, the thickness is 0.5mm and the weight is 1.17g.

Mark Blackburn and Rory Naismith (pers. comm.) confirm this to be a new coin type for Ecgberht of Wessex. According to Dr. Naismith, "The distinction between 'early' and 'late' Rochester pennies of Ecgberht is very tentative, and this new find only adds to the complications: it combines a 'late' obverse type (used here on the reverse) with an 'early' bust. Consequently it could be transitional, or an indication that a variety of portrait and non-portrait designs were used side by side across the period 825-839".

Notes:

Also recorded on EMC as 2011.0057

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: Regional importance

Class: Penny
Sub class: North 576/582

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Middle
Period from: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 825
Date to: Circa AD 839

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Thickness: 0.5 mm
Weight: 1.17 g
Diameter: 19.9 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 9th January 2011

Personal details

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Other reference numbers

Other reference: Ver 11/11; EMC2011.0057

Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Incomplete

Coin data (numismatics)

Denomination: Penny
Ruler/issuer: Ecgberht of Wessex
Mint or issue place: Rochester
Category: Coin of the kings of Wessex 9th-10th centuries

Type: N 576 (Ecgberht, Portrait, Rochester)
Obverse description: Diademed bust right.
Obverse inscription: +ECGBEORHT REX
Reverse description: Cross pattee on cross saltire with lozenge centre.
Reverse inscription: +EDELMOD MONET (N and E ligated)
Die axis measurement: 3 o'clock
Degree of wear: Hardly worn: extremely fine

Coin references

No coin references available.

Spatial metadata

Region: Eastern (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Essex (County)
District: Uttlesford (District)
To be known as: Chrishall

Spatial coordinates


Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

Author Publication Year Title Publication Place Publisher Pages Reference
North, J.J. 1994 English Hammered Coinage: Volume I. Early Anglo-Saxon to Henry III, c. 600-1272 London Spink and Son Ltd 87-88

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: BH
Created: 11 years ago
Updated: 10 years ago

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