SWYOR-114BB0: Early Medieval Brooch

Rights Holder: West Yorkshire Archaeology Advisory Service
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Rights Holder: West Yorkshire Archaeology Advisory Service
CC License:

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BROOCH

Unique ID: SWYOR-114BB0

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A copper alloy brooch decorated in a fusion of the Borre and Jellinge styles, possibly a Viking import, dating from 900-950 AD. The brooch is domed and in two parts; a flat backplate and a slightly domed, openwork front. The reverse carries the remains of a double mount for a hinged pin and a catch plate, together with an additional lug at right angles to the pin, which was probably perforated, but is also broken. The hinge and pin are also missing. The openwork upper portion is made up of a single profile beast with a thin, intertwined body, making a roughly triangular shape and with the hind leg gripping the foreleg. This body has a narrow groove or contour line running along each side for the full length of the beast. There is a central copper alloy rivet holding the two sections of the brooch together. There is no visible evidence of gilding: the brooch displays a dark brown patina. It is 32.1mm in diameter and 9.9mm thick. It weighs 13.32g.

These brooches have been the subject of studies by Ingmar Jansson (1984), James Graham-Campbell (1985) and Jane Kershaw (2009). They come in two variants, of composite construction (as here) and of one-piece construction. In 1985 they were concentrated in Scandinavia, leading Graham-Campbell to suggest an East Scandinavian origin; by 2009 eleven were known from Britain.

Another composite example can be found on the database at NCL-7E9EE5. An example of the type with one-piece construction can be found on the database at reference CAM-371E87.

Find of note status

This has been noted as an interesting find by the recorder.

Class: Jansson's type I A1

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod to: Late
Period to: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Ascribed Culture: Viking
Date from: Circa AD 900
Date to: Circa AD 950

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Thickness: 9.9 mm
Weight: 13.32 g
Diameter: 32.1 mm

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Jack Volunteer Coulthard
Identified by: Mr Jack Volunteer Coulthard
Secondary identifier: Dr Helen Geake

Other reference numbers

Other reference: PAS form number 1386

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Decoration style: Openwork
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: East Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Lincolnshire (County)
District: West Lindsey (District)
Parish or ward: Snelland (Civil Parish)

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SWYOR
Created: 8 years ago
Updated: 6 years ago

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