HESH-9332B4: Roman Brooch: Dolphin type

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
CC License:


Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
CC License:

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BROOCH

Unique ID: HESH-9332B4

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete cast copper alloy Colchester derivative (probably Dolphin style) brooch with hinged pin of Roman date (55-100AD). This brooch is unusually heavy and also slightly crude with a very wide and thick head. The wings are complete being solid cast and cylindrical in plan. A small hole passes laterally through the wings (diameter: 3.4mm) and holds a copper alloy axis bar. At the centre of the wings is a rectangular shaped slot from which emerges a rectangular sectioned pin which tapers along its length. The pin is broken and distorted. The bow head is hump-like, and angular (comma shaped) in profile. The bow is elliptical (oval) in cross section. It extends to a broken edge just above the foot knop. The break is patinated suggesting relatively old damage. The catch-plate is lost but at the break it is possible to suggest that the catchplate is formed from a thickening of the section of the lower bow. The brooch is abraded and thickly patinated and surface decoration is difficult to discern. Cast decoration is present at the junction between the bow head and wings; here a slight cast sub-circular ridge is present that may be decorated with a serrated tooth like design. The brooch is a mid green colour with an uneven polished patina which is abraded in many places. Similar brooches can be seen in Richard Hattatt's Visual Guide to Ancient brooches pp 299 fig; 1587 specifically example 359. The presence of ridges at the junction between the wing and head may indicate that this is a Polden Hill type brooch, but the other features seem to suggest a Dolphin derivative.

The brooch measures 41.0mm length, is 26.4mm width across wings, 8.4mm width across bow, is 8.8mm thick across the bow (at the same point). It weighs 21.66 grams.

Class: Dolphin derivative

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 55
Date to: Circa AD 100

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 41 mm
Width: 8.4 mm
Thickness: 8.8 mm
Weight: 21.66 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Peter Reavill
Identified by: Miss Teresa Gilmore
Secondary identifier: Mr Peter Reavill

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: North West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Cheshire West and Chester (Unitary Authority)
District: Cheshire West and Chester (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: Farndon

Spatial coordinates


Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Operations to a depth greater than 0.25m

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: HESH
Created: 8 years ago
Updated: 7 years ago

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