LANCUM-2CD3D0: Tin farthing, obverse and reverse illegible

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
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Unique ID: LANCUM-2CD3D0

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

Tin farthing dating from the post-medieval period, probably between AD1684-1692. The tin farthing is complete with the copper alloy plug still in the centre, but the obverse and reverse are so worn that the issuer/ruler cannot be determined. It would have been either Charles II, James II or William and Mary. "In 1684 the farthing was issued in tin with a copper plug in the centre.[...] These are scarce coins in as good condition as that illustrated because of tin disease. This is caused by the fact that below 13.2°C the metallic form or allotrope of tin tends to turn into the non-metallic form which appears as a grey powder. Also, tin is soft and wears readily. Tin was chosen to bolster the tin mining industry, and the bimetallic form was intended to discourage forgery (but failed in its purpose). Charles II tin farthings dated 1685 are very rare, as the King died on February 6th 1684 (old style) and the new year followed six weeks later.[...] Tin remained in use until 1692, after which copper was used again."

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Early
Period from: POST MEDIEVAL
Subperiod to: Early
Date from: Circa AD 1684
Date to: Circa AD 1692

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Thickness: 2.91 mm
Weight: 10.77 g
Diameter: 29.74 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Friday 17th December 2010

Personal details

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Materials and construction

Primary material: Tin or tin alloy
Secondary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Complete

Coin data (numismatics)

Ruler/issuer: William and Mary
Mint or issue place: London
Category: Modern
Type: Farthing (tin): William and Mary (S 3450 - 3451)
Obverse description: illegible
Obverse inscription: illegible
Reverse description: illegible
Reverse inscription: illegible
Degree of wear: Extremely worn: poor

Coin references

No coin references available.

Spatial metadata

Region: North West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Cumbria (County)
District: Eden (District)
To be known as: Crosby Ravensworth

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: Generated from computer mapping software
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: LANCUM
Created: 11 years ago
Updated: 11 years ago

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