GLO-E22D75: 3934 A fragment of a globular steelyard weight.jpg

Rights Holder: Bristol City Council
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Unique ID: GLO-E22D75

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

A fragment of copper alloy shell from a globular steelyard weight, length 57mm, width 54mm, height 63.5mm, weight 103g. This is a spherical weight that has a thick copper alloy shell (2mm thick) that would have been filled with lead. However, the weight has been damaged resulting in the loss of two thirds of the shell and the whole of the lead core.
The flat top is complete this has the remains of a heavy loop on the top and is surrounded by a double engraved line. The side walls of the weight are heavily damaged and only partially remain. The surviving section consists of curved edge with a single raised shield, the shield appears to depict a double-headed eagle, this is the arms of the Hansa merchants and Imperial arms indicating that the user was symbolically 'King of the Romans'.
There would have originally been three shields depicted a lion rampant, the arms of Poitou and also for Edmund, Earl of Cornwall. The third shield would have depicted the arms of England (three lions) or the arms of de Clare (three chevrons). Edmund married Margaret de Clare in 1272.
Steelyard weights would have been made by Edmund on behalf of the king, and it may be that Edmund had a monopoly on their production, given the prevalence of his heraldry on those known. Edmund died in 1300 and the use of steelyards banned in 1350, so this weight is likely to date between 1272 and 1300/ 1350.

Find of note status

This has been noted as an interesting find by the recorder.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Post AD 1272
Date to: Ante AD 1350

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 57 mm
Width: 54 mm
Thickness: 63.5 mm
Weight: 103 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Thursday 1st April 2010 - Tuesday 31st August 2010

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Kurt Adams
Identified by: Mr Kurt Adams

Other reference numbers

Other reference: 3934

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: South West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: South Gloucestershire (Unitary Authority)
District: South Gloucestershire (Unitary Authority)
To be known as: Olveston

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: GLO
Created: 8 years ago
Updated: 8 years ago

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