WAW-673403: Roman: Flesh hook

Rights Holder: Birmingham Museums Trust
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Unique ID: WAW-673403

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete wrought iron double pronged artefact, consisting of the tip of a flesh hook, of probable Roman dating (43 AD - 410 AD).

It is irregular in both plan and cross section. It consists of a slender iron rod, expanding at the base into a triangular shape, into two points extending out at right angles from the rod. It is uncertain whether the two points originally joined together to form a ring or whether they continued out straight to form hooks or not. The top of the rod demonstrates a slight curve in the same direction as the points at the base.

It is a dark brown colour and has been heavily cleaned. No iron oxide corrosion layer is present, so bare metal has been revealed. It appears to be in a stable condition, with no signs of active corrosion.

It measures 51.84mm in length, 15.51mm wide and 14.90mm thick. The metal is 5.47mm thick. It weighs 5.9 grams.

The find consists of the tip of a flesh hook, with two lower teeth. All are damaged and incomplete. It is consistent with a Manning Type 2 Flesh hook (Manning, 1985, pp105, plate 51, #P38). A Flesh hook is a straight rod with a set of teeth, usually hooked at the far end. The purpose of a flesh hook is remove pieces of meat from a stew in a cauldron. A Manning Type 2 Flesh hook has a pair of teeth with one tooth on either side of the tip of the stem, which often forms a third tooth. The dating of this type in Manning is probably Roman as the original (P38) came from a site in London (Tokenhouse Yard) that produced a large quantity of Roman and some later material. However this is the only known one of this type, and compared to other Roman types, the slightness of the stem does raise concern as to whether it is Roman or not. Medieval flesh hooks tend to have a short, angled stem. This example is probably Roman (AD 43 - 410 AD) but could be a Medieval type (1100 - 1500 AD). As it is a functional artefact, styles have been known to persist for a long time.


Manning, W.H. (1985) Catalogue of the Romano-British Iron Tools, Fittings and Weapons in the British Museum. British Museums Publications Ltd.

Class: tip

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: ROMAN
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 43
Date to: Circa AD 410

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 51.84 mm
Width: 15.51 mm
Thickness: 14.9 mm
Weight: 5.9 g

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Miss Teresa Gilmore
Identified by: Miss Teresa Gilmore

Materials and construction

Primary material: Iron
Manufacture method: Hand made
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: West Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Worcestershire (County)
District: Wychavon (District)
Parish or ward: Cookhill (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SP0457
Four figure Latitude: 52.211206
Four figure longitude: -1.942878
1:25K map: SP0457
1:10K map: SP05NW
Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: WAW
Created: 8 years ago
Updated: 8 years ago

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