NLM-CF9FB4: Group 6 Polished Stone Axe from Waddingham

Rights Holder: North Lincolnshire Museum
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Unique ID: NLM-CF9FB4

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

Green volcanic stone, from the Lake District (non-specialist identification by MF)

Axe. A Greenstone axe presumed to be of Group VI (6), a product of the Langdale Pike axe factory, produced as an oval rough-out and finished by fine polishing which emphasises natural banding of the stone to striking decorative effect. The axe was originally of oval section, tapered towards its butt end and broader at the blade, and would be hafted for use. Use and re-polishing has left an angled blade, which retains its cutting edge. Both sides of the axe have also been reworked and highly polished, producing flat upper and lower edges. Four or more chips towards the butt occur on both sides of the axe and have been more lightly re-polished in antiquity. Smaller chips at the butt and a single chip at the blade are recent damage.

The Langdale greenstone axes were traded from a quarry on Langdale Pike, Cumbria, and their distribution around the Humber estuary is denser than anywhere except around the production site itself. The fine finish of the object, and the care lavished on sharpening, repair and reworking, all illustrate the high value placed upon such objects. Their use is debatable; a primary function for tree felling or carpentry is perhaps less likely than use as a weapon and/or prestige item. Suggested date: Neolithic, 3500-2100 BC.

Length: 118mm, Width: 53.5mm, Thickness: 27mm, Weight: 220gms.

Find of note status

This is a find of note and has been designated: County / local importance

Class: Group VI (6)

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: NEOLITHIC
Subperiod from: Early
Period from: NEOLITHIC
Subperiod to: Early
Period to: NEOLITHIC
Date from: Circa 3500 BC
Date to: Circa 2900 BC

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 118 mm
Width: 53.5 mm
Thickness: 27 mm
Weight: 220 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Saturday 25th September 2010

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Martin Foreman
Identified by: Mr Martin Foreman

Other reference numbers

Other reference: NLM15621

Materials and construction

Primary material: Stone
Manufacture method: Knapped/flaked
Completeness: Complete
Surface Treatment: Burnished

Spatial metadata

Region: East Midlands (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Lincolnshire (County)
District: West Lindsey (District)
To be known as: Waddingham

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: From finder
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: NLM
Created: 8 years ago
Updated: 4 years ago

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