LANCUM-D103A2: An almost complete Anglo-Saxon broch 5th to 7th century AD

Rights Holder: The Portable Antiquities Scheme
CC License:

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Unique ID: LANCUM-D103A2

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

An almost complete copper-alloy early Anglo-Saxon cruciform brooch dating to the 5th or 6th century AD. The headplate is rectangular and measures 22mm in length and 21mm in width. The front of the headplate is decorated with a slightly raised central panel and a pair of wings which slope slightly to their edges, the best-preserved of which is decorated with a border groove. The side knobs are missing but a full-round integrally cast top knob survives, with a base decorated with a fine groove, a broader groove forming the waist, and a dome also decorated with a fine groove. There is a small projection on top of the top knob. On the reverse of the head is a single pin bar lug, now broken through the perforation.

The bow measures 70mm in length and 15mm in width at its widest point. It tapers from top to bottom. The bow has a rectangular-section area at top and bottom, each decorated with a pair of transverse grooves. In between it is faceted.

The foot has a flat panel at the top which is divided into half by a pair of transverse lines. Above, the edges each have a small scoop or notch; below, there are longer bevelled edges. Three transverse ridges, the central one larger, separate this area from the horse-head terminal. This has large pellet eyes set within multiple oblique grooves, the central set probably forming a saltire and the others forming chevrons above and below. The nostrils are raised ovals and the nose runs down as a ridge between them.

There are the faint remains of a long catchplate behind the flat panel at the top of the foot, running from the base of the bow down to behind the three transverse ridges. The foot is bent up at an angle to the rest of the brooch. Length 92mm, width 21mm.

Class: cruciform

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Subperiod from: Early
Subperiod to: Early
Ascribed Culture: Anglo-Saxon
Date from: Circa AD 400
Date to: Circa AD 550

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 92 mm
Width: 21 mm

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Stuart Noon
Identified by: Mr Stuart Noon

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: North West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Lancashire (County)
District: Wyre (District)
Parish or ward: Garstang (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SD4945
Four figure Latitude: 53.89864663
Four figure longitude: -2.77762301
1:25K map: SD4945
1:10K map: SD44NE
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: LANCUM
Created: 8 years ago
Updated: 9 months ago

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