SWYOR-3DC580: medieval coins

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Unique ID: SWYOR-3DC580

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

Treasure Case 2010 T496 and T496a

"I have examined eight coins reported. All are silver pennies of the English kings Edward I and Edward II and will therefore be of the established sterling standard, a little over 90% fine metal. The details of the coins are as follows (three coins indicated with an asterisk were discovered by the second finder).

Pennies of Edward I-II
1. Class 2b (1280) Bristol 1.28g
2. Class 2b London 1.23g*
3. Class 3g (1280-1) Canterbury 1.2g*
4. Class 4b (1282-9) Canterbury 1.25g
5. Class 9b1 (1299-1301) Bristol 1.16g
6. Class 10ab5 late (1303-5) London 1.14g*
7. Class 10cf3b1 (1307-9) London 1.35g
8. Class 11b3 (c.1310-14) Canterbury 1.35g

The find consists solely of pennies, with no halfpennies or farthings (the only other denominations then available), so a degree of selection is apparent. The coins would easily have been in currency together, following Edward I's complete national recoinage of 1279-80. The date of the most recent coin suggests this was a group deposited roughly in the decade 1310-20.

It is my opinion that this find, consisting of coins of good silver and almost certainly deposited together, fulfils the criteria of Treasure, according to the terms of the Act.

Dr Barrie J. Cook
Curator of Medieval and Early Modern Coinage
Department of Coins and Medals
British Museum
19 November 2010

Addenda (2010 T496A)

Two further silver coins have been reported found on the site. Their details are as follows.

Pennies of Edward I and II
9. Class 11b2 (c.1310-14) Canterbury 1.37g

Penny of Edward III
10. Fragment, apparently of a penny of Edward III, Fourth Coinage, pre-Treaty period, series G (1356-60) 0.22g

While coin no. 9 fits well with the previously reported finds and can be considered as part of a single deposit, made along with them in the early 14th century. The fragmentary coin, no. 10, seems to be a separate loss, made at least 50 years after the main group was deposited. In my opinion, coin no. 9 should be considered as Treasure, under the terms of the Act. However, I would suggest that coin no. 10 should not, instead being regarded as a single loss and thus not eligible for a verdict of Treasure.

Dr Barrie J. Cook
Curator of Medieval and Early Modern Coinage
Department of Coins and Medals
British Museum
5 January 2011"

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder after being disclaimed as Treasure

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2010T496


Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1310
Date to: Circa AD 1320

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 10

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Tuesday 10th August 2010 - Monday 6th September 2010

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Ms Amy Downes
Identified by: Dr Barrie Cook

Other reference numbers

Other reference: PAS form number 1198 and 1206
Treasure case number: 2010T496

Materials and construction

Primary material: Silver
Manufacture method: Struck or hammered
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: Yorkshire and the Humber (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: North Yorkshire (County)
District: Selby (District)
To be known as: Tadcaster

Spatial coordinates

Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SWYOR
Created: Tuesday 24th August 2010
Updated: Friday 2nd September 2016

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