LON-F092A5: An incomplete Early Medieval (Anglo Saxon) copper alloy cruciform brooch dating 5th - 6th century.

Rights Holder: Museum of London
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Unique ID: LON-F092A5

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

An incomplete Early Medieval (Anglo Saxon) copper alloy cruciform brooch dating 5th - 6th century. The head-plate and part of the bow remain; the lower bow, foot, pin and one of the side-knobs are missing. The top-knob has been cast in one with the brooch. It has been moulded three-dimensionally with a domed head and collar. The side-knobs are applied (one is missing) and it is slightly larger than the top-knob. The side-knob is attached via an iron axis bar which passes through the hinge for the pin and passes through the length of the side-knob. The trapezoid head-plate has two small sub-rectangular wings. Only the top edge of the arched bow remains. It is decorated with three transverse ridge and grooves across the top and two incised, parallel lines extending down the mid-line of the bow. On the reverse of the head-plate is a single perforated hinge with the remains of the iron axis bar and two turns of the iron spring secured between the hinge and the side-knob.

Dimensions: length: 27.18mm; width: 18.23mm; thickness: 7.65mm; weight: 6.11g.

Reference: MacGregor, A. & Bolick, E. 1993. A summary catalogue of the Anglo-Saxon collections (non-ferrous metals). British Archaeological Reports: British Series 230.


Notes: MacGregor and Bolick (1995:95) write: "Cruciform brooches were commonly worn singly on the breast, sometimes in association with a pair of brooches of different design at the shoulders. Whether their occurrence in this position is to be interpreted as purely decorative, or whether they may have secured an over garment such as a cloak, remains unresolved. Where the context is known, they are almost invariably found in female graves.

Subsequent actions

Subsequent action after recording: Returned to finder


Broad period: EARLY MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 400
Date to: Circa AD 600

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 27.18 mm
Width: 18.23 mm
Thickness: 7.65 mm
Diameter: 6.11 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Saturday 13th March 2010

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mrs Kate Sumnall
Identified by: Mrs Kate Sumnall

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Incomplete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Medway (Unitary Authority)
District: Medway (Unitary Authority)
Parish or ward: Cuxton (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: TQ6866
Four figure Latitude: 51.368213
Four figure longitude: 0.412049
1:25K map: TQ6866
1:10K map: TQ66NE
Grid reference source: GPS (from the finder)
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 1 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Operations to a depth less than 0.25 m

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: LON
Created: 9 years ago
Updated: 5 years ago

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