SF7628:  STEELYARD WEIGHT

Rights Holder: Suffolk County Council
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STEELYARD WEIGHT

Unique ID: SF7628

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

Globular copper-alloy steelyard weight with lead core. It is 39 mm in diameter and 32 mm tall up to a flattened top. In the centre of the top is an integrally cast triangular suspension lug with a circular perforation, which brings the height up to 42 mm. There is no evidence for any iron pins attaching the lead to the copper-alloy sheath; off-centre on the base is the hole through which the lead was poured, with a slightly too small copper-alloy cap covering it. Around the top is an engraved frieze consisting of a zig-zag line between two horizontal lines. Below this frieze are three shields with arms, all cast in relief. One is a lion rampant, for Edmund Earl of Cornwall, but reversed. Another is two chevrons, in error for three chevrons which is the arms of de Clare. The third is a chevron between three stars or flowers; the two in chief have six points, the one in the base has eight. Edmund, Earl of Cornwall, married Margaret de Clare in 1272 and died in 1300; many steelyard weights, especially those with cast heraldry, have these two shields and it may be that Edmund had a monopoly on their production. This weight, however, may be an unofficial copy as there are mistakes in the arms. It weighs 277g, which is 9.75 oz. Steelyard weights do tend to have rather unusual weights; the two in Salisbury Museum are 5 lb 15.3 oz and 4 lb 4.2 oz, and the recently discovered example from Fordham, Cambridgeshire is 2 lb 1.35 oz. The use of the steelyard was banned in 1350.

Chronology

Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: MEDIEVAL
Date from: AD 1272
Date to: AD 1350

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 42 mm
Weight: 277 g
Diameter: 39 mm

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Monday 1st October 2001

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Dr Helen Geake
Identified by: Dr Helen Geake

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Secondary material: Lead

Spatial metadata

Region: Eastern (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Suffolk (County)
District: Babergh (District)
To be known as: ARWARTON

Spatial coordinates


Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 10 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land
Specific landuse: Character undetermined

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: SF
Created: 17 years ago
Updated: 8 years ago

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