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COIN

Unique ID: LANCUM-8FF497

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation

This hoard, which consists of fifty radiate coins, was found by a metal-detectorist in 2009; although the coins were spread over a small area, there is little doubt from the homogeneity of their dates, types and physical condition that they did indeed constitute a hoard. There was no sign of any kind of container.

On a preliminary examination, the coins ranged in date from the reign of Victorinus to that of Allectus; as such it is the only hoard from north-west England to terminate with coins of that Emperor, and only the second (I think!) from anywhere in northern Britain. The late Professor Anne Robertson, in her Inventory of Romano-British Coin Hoards (2000), listed more than 1,900 Roman hoards; of these just forty-four terminated with coins of Allectus. The dates of the coins and their findspot, precise details of which are being withheld at present (although they will appear the data-base of the Portable Antiquities Scheme), offer support for the proposition that, in the late-third and early-fourth centuries, efforts were being made to strengthen the defence of the west coast of Roman Britain, presumably against the threat of raiders from across the Irish Sea (Mason 2003).

The present hoard may point to the existence of perhaps a coastal watchtower in north Lancashire/south Cumbria, which will have worked with the new fort of the Saxon-Shore type that was constructed at Lancaster in the early-fourth century. Further, the evidence of coin-loss is suggesting the possibility of another fourth-century coastal site of some kind in the vicinity of Barrow-in-Furness.

The condition of many of the present coins precludes precise and certain identification, although hopefully (depending on the final destination of the coins) cleaning will become possible at a later stage. A preliminary examination suggests the following distribution between issuers:
Victorinus 1
Claudius Tacitus 2
Probus 6
Carausius 20
Carausius or Allectus 1
Allectus 16
Illegible 4

The Coins
Victorinus (1)
1. Radiate head of Victorinus (?); legends illegible

Claudius Tacitus (2)
2. IMP CL TACITVS AVG
SALVS PVBLICA RIC 5 (Tacitus), 58
3. Radiate head of Claudius Tacitus (?)

Probus (6)
4. IMP C PROBVS P F AVG
TEMPORVM FELICITAS RIC 5 (Probus), 53
5. IMP C PROBVS P F AVG
TEMPOR FELICI RIC 5 (Probus), 104
6. IMP C PROBVS P F AVG
PAX AVG RIC 5 (Probus), 515
7. IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG
VIRTVS AVG RIC 5 (Probus), 801
8. Radiate head of Probus (?)
9. Radiate head of Probus (?)

Carausius (20)
10. Carausius
FIDES MILITVM (?) RIC 5 (Carausius), 33 (?)
11. IMP C CARAVSIVS P F AVG
PAX AVG RIC 5 (Carausius), 98
12. IMP C CARAVSIVS P F AVG
PAX AVG RIC 5 (Carausius), 98
13. IMP C CARAVSIVS P F AVG
PAX AVG RIC 5 (Carausius), 98 (?)
14. Carausius
PAX AVG (?) RIC 5 (Carausius), 101ff
15. Carausius
PAX AVG RIC 5 (Carausius), 101 (?)
16. Carausius
[PAX AVG] (?)
17. Carausius
PAX AVG (?)
18. IMP C CARAVSIVS P F AVG
PAX AVG RIC 5 (Carausius), 118
19. IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG
PAX AVG RIC 5 (Carausius), 118
20. IMP C CARAVSIVS P F AVG
SALVS AVG RIC 5 (Carausius), 161
21. Carausius
VIRTVS AVG RIC 5 (Carausius), 179
22. Carausius
PAX AVG RIC 5 (Carausius), 300
23. Carausius
VIRTVS AVG RIC 5 (Carausius), 440
24. Carausius(?)
25. Carausius (?)
26. Carausius
27. Carausius
28. Carausius
29. Carausius (?)

Carausius/Allectus (1)
30. Carausius or Allectus (?)

Allectus (16)
31. IMP C ALLECTVS P F AVG
[HILARITAS AVG] (?) RIC 5 (Allectus), 20 (?)
32. IMP C ALLECTVS P F AVG
PAX AVG RIC 5 (Allectus), 28/86 (?)
33. IMP C ALLECTVS P F AVG
PROVID AVG RIC 5 (Allectus), 35
34. IMP C ALLECTVS P F AVG
PROVID AVG RIC 5 (Allectus), 35
35. IMP C ALLECTVS P F AVG
SPES PVBLICA RIC 5 (Allectus), 46
36. IMP C ALLECTVS P F AVG
VIRTVS AVG RIC 5 (Allectus), 55
37. IMP C ALLECTVS P F AVG
MONETA AVG RIC 5 (Allectus), 83
38. IMP C ALLECTVS P F AVG
PAX AVG RIC 5 (Allectus), 86
39. Allectus
[PAX AVG} (?)
40. Allectus
PAX AVG RIC 5 (Allectus), 90/91
41. Allectus
Pax (?)
42. IMP C ALLECTVS P F AVG
Illegible
43. Allectus (?)
44. Allectus
45. Allectus (?)
46. Allectus (?)

Illegible (4)
47-50.

Subsequent actions

Current location of find: Kendal Museum
Subsequent action after recording: Acquired by museum after being declared Treasure

Treasure details

Treasure case tracking number: 2009T45

Chronology

Broad period: ROMAN
Subperiod from: Late
Period from: ROMAN
Subperiod to: Late
Period to: ROMAN

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Dr Dot Boughton
Identified by: Dr Dot Boughton
Secondary identifier: Dr David Shotter

Other reference numbers

Treasure case number: 2009T45

Coin data (numismatics)

Denomination: Radiate (antoninianus)
Denomination qualifier: Certain

Coin references

No coin references available.

Spatial metadata

Region: North West (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Lancashire (County)
District: Lancaster (District)
Parish or ward: Silverdale (Civil Parish)

References cited

No references cited so far.

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Audit data

Recording Institution: LANCUM
Created: 9 years ago
Updated: 8 years ago

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