HAMP-8E0771: Romano-British toggle (button-and-loop fastener)

Rights Holder: Winchester Museum Service
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Unique ID: HAMP-8E0771

Object type certainty: Certain
Workflow status: Published Find published

A complete cast copper-alloy toggle with double-boss head and integral triangular loop. The piece is very well moulded, cast as one although with a longitudinal superficial split on the outer surface giving the impression of two parts. The bosses are 'split' into circles, flat on their lower surface and recessed in the upper. Both recesses are surrounded by moulded pellets on the upper surface. They are perforated at centre of the recess for a boss in coral, itself with a central perforation for attachment. Both coral bosses would have been held in place by a copper-alloy rivet; one boss is now missing although the rivet terminal can be seen on the lower surface in situ. The other boss has been fractured longitudinally with a fraction missing; the remnant is held in place by the rivet. The loop begins at the centre of the upper edge of the bosses and travels off an angle of above forty-five degrees. It continues with the central external groove described above before bifurcating and terminating in an attachment bar. The bar is narrowed with the loop flattened off at the terminals in a circle. Each circle has a double lipped moulding 'dividing' it from the loop. Where it survives this object has a grey patina; corroded areas are light green but stable. This button-and-loop fastener can be classified as Wild's (1970, 139) Class I; cf. LON-876B73 andHAMP2250 on this database. As he noted (ibid., 146) this type was derived from native Iron Age designs, but are thought to date from the Conquest and post-Conquest period (Worrell 2008, 344). They have a generally southern distribution, with numerous published examples from Somerset (Wild 1970, 148; Jackson 1990, 39; refs. 83-86). Recent work using PAS data has extended distributions further east, with single boss variants occurring further north (Worrell 2008, 344).

Class: Wild Class I


Broad period: ROMAN
Subperiod from: Early
Period from: ROMAN
Period to: ROMAN
Date from: Circa AD 50
Date to: Circa AD 125

Dimensions and weight

Quantity: 1
Length: 24.6 mm
Width: 20.3 mm
Weight: 8.65 g

Discovery dates

Date(s) of discovery: Tuesday 2nd February 2010

Personal details

Found by: This information is restricted for your login.
Recorded by: Mr Robert Webley
Identified by: Mr Robert Webley

Other reference numbers

Other reference: E2807

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Complete

Spatial metadata

Region: South East (European Region)
County or Unitary authority: Hampshire (County)
District: Winchester (District)
Parish or ward: Kings Worthy (Civil Parish)

Spatial coordinates

4 Figure: SU4934
Four figure Latitude: 51.103215
Four figure longitude: -1.301533
1:25K map: SU4934
1:10K map: SU43SE
Grid reference source: From a paper map
Unmasked grid reference accurate to a 100 metre square.

Discovery metadata

Method of discovery: Metal detector
General landuse: Cultivated land

References cited

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Timeline of associated dates

Audit data

Recording Institution: HAMP
Created: 9 years ago
Updated: 3 years ago

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